Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Afghanistan

We show the climate in Afghanistan by comparing the average weather in 4 representative places: Kabul, Herāt, Mazār-e Sharīf, and Kandahār.

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Kabul
Afghanistan
Herāt
Afghanistan
Kandahār
Afghanistan
Map

Average High and Low Temperature in Afghanistan

Average High and Low Temperature in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°F110°F110°F67249343743098508533103477856NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground.
HighJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 44°F47°F57°F70°F81°F89°F93°F91°F84°F73°F60°F50°F
Herāt 51°F55°F64°F77°F87°F96°F98°F95°F88°F76°F64°F55°F
Mazār-e Sharīf 48°F52°F62°F77°F90°F100°F103°F99°F90°F76°F62°F51°F
Kandahār 56°F61°F72°F84°F95°F102°F104°F101°F94°F82°F70°F60°F
LowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 25°F29°F38°F47°F54°F62°F67°F65°F57°F45°F36°F28°F
Herāt 30°F34°F41°F52°F61°F70°F74°F71°F61°F49°F40°F33°F
Mazār-e Sharīf 34°F36°F45°F57°F68°F79°F85°F81°F70°F56°F44°F36°F
Kandahār 35°F39°F48°F59°F67°F73°F78°F74°F63°F52°F43°F37°F

Kabul

Average Hourly Temperature in KabulJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery coldfreezing

Herāt

Average Hourly Temperature in HerātJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmhotswelteringwarmvery coldcoolcomfortablevery cold

Mazār-e Sharīf

Average Hourly Temperature in Mazār-e SharīfJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmhotswelteringcoolwarmvery coldcomfortablecomfortable

Kandahār

Average Hourly Temperature in KandahārJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotswelteringcoldcomfortablevery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chance of Clearer Skies in Afghanistan

Chance of Clearer Skies in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%995661100499965NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The percentage of time the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy (i.e., less than 60% of the sky is covered by clouds).
Clearer SkiesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 63%59%57%64%81%96%99%99%99%90%76%67%
Herāt 67%66%62%67%83%98%100%100%99%89%73%67%
Mazār-e Sharīf 52%50%50%59%78%96%100%100%97%82%62%55%
Kandahār 72%70%66%73%88%98%96%96%99%93%81%73%

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Afghanistan

Daily Chance of Precipitation in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%2261716121NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The percentage of days in which precipitation is observed, excluding trace quantities.
Days of Precip.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 3.0d4.5d6.6d5.3d3.4d2.2d2.9d3.3d2.8d2.5d2.0d2.2d
Herāt 4.1d4.7d4.6d2.7d0.9d0.2d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.6d2.0d3.2d
Mazār-e Sharīf 3.1d3.7d4.6d3.1d1.2d0.3d0.1d0.2d0.2d0.7d1.8d2.6d
Kandahār 3.2d3.2d3.4d2.0d0.6d0.4d0.7d0.8d0.4d0.5d0.7d2.0d

Average Monthly Rainfall in Afghanistan

Average Monthly Rainfall in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.00.31.40.91.10.1NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The average rainfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
RainfallJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 0.5″1.1″1.9″1.7″1.0″0.6″0.8″0.9″0.8″0.7″0.5″0.3″
Herāt 0.8″1.3″1.3″0.8″0.3″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.2″0.4″0.6″
Mazār-e Sharīf 0.4″0.6″0.8″0.7″0.3″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.1″0.3″0.4″
Kandahār 1.1″1.1″1.1″0.6″0.2″0.1″0.2″0.3″0.2″0.2″0.2″0.6″

Average Monthly Snowfall in Afghanistan

Average Monthly Snowfall in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 in3.5 in3.5 in4.0 in4.0 in3.52.51.40.5NowNowHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The average snowfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
SnowfallJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 2.8″2.9″0.6″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.4″1.1″
Herāt 2.5″2.3″0.8″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.6″1.8″
Mazār-e Sharīf 1.3″1.0″0.2″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.1″0.7″0.9″
Kandahār 0.2″0.1″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.1″0.5″

Hours of Daylight in Afghanistan

Hours of Daylight in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec4 hr4 hr6 hr6 hr8 hr8 hr10 hr10 hr12 hr12 hr14 hr14 hr16 hr16 hr18 hr18 hr20 hr20 hr14.59.8NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The number of hours during which the Sun is at least partly above the horizon.
DaylightJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 10.1h11.0h12.0h13.1h14.0h14.4h14.2h13.4h12.3h11.3h10.3h9.9h
Herāt 10.2h11.0h12.0h13.1h14.0h14.4h14.2h13.4h12.3h11.3h10.4h9.9h
Mazār-e Sharīf 10.0h10.9h12.0h13.2h14.2h14.6h14.4h13.5h12.4h11.2h10.2h9.7h
Kandahār 10.4h11.1h12.0h13.0h13.8h14.2h14.0h13.2h12.3h11.4h10.5h10.1h

Chance of Muggy Conditions in Afghanistan

Chance of Muggy Conditions in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%1NowNowKandahārKandahār
The percentage of time that is muggy, oppressive, or miserable (i.e., a dew point greater than 65°F).
Muggy daysJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Herāt 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Mazār-e Sharīf 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Kandahār 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.2d0.2d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d

Average Wind Speed in Afghanistan

Average Wind Speed in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mph20 mph20 mph22 mph22 mph9.04.919.99.410.05.78.35.9NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The average of mean hourly wind speeds at 10 meters above the ground.
Wind Speed (mph)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 5.35.86.16.37.98.98.78.06.85.85.05.0
Herāt 10.610.910.49.912.116.419.518.614.610.99.610.1
Mazār-e Sharīf 6.16.56.76.87.48.89.99.37.76.45.95.8
Kandahār 6.37.07.47.38.17.56.96.56.36.26.05.9

Tourism Score in Afghanistan

Tourism Score in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.80.18.51.8NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The tourism score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.

Beach/Pool Score in Afghanistan

Beach/Pool Score in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810109.09.29.3NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The beach/pool score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Growing Season in Afghanistan

Growing Season in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%20%20%40%40%60%60%80%80%100%100%NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season, defined as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Growing Degree Days in Afghanistan

Growing Degree Days in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°F6,000°F6,000°F7,000°F7,000°FNowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, where growing degree days are defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature (50°F in this case).

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Afghanistan

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in AfghanistanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh8.93.12.58.83.5NowNowKabulKabulHerātHerātMazār-e SharīfMazār-e SharīfKandahārKandahār
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter.
Solar Energy (kWh)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Kabul 3.44.35.46.78.08.88.78.06.95.43.93.2
Herāt 3.34.35.46.88.08.88.68.06.95.23.83.1
Mazār-e Sharīf 2.73.64.86.37.68.58.47.76.44.73.22.5
Kandahār 3.74.75.87.18.28.88.47.87.05.74.33.6

This report illustrates the typical weather for Kabul, Herāt, Mazār-e Sharīf, and Kandahār year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used on this page vary between places and are discussed in detail on each place's dedicated page:

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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