Average Weather in Herāt Afghanistan
In Herāt, the summers are sweltering, arid, extremely windy, and clear and the winters are very cold, dry, windy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 30°F to 98°F and is rarely below 20°F or above 105°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Herāt for hot-weather activities is from early June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 20 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 89°F. The hottest day of the year is July 4, with an average high of 98°F and low of 74°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 25 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 60°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 30°F and high of 50°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Herāt, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Herāt begins around May 13 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around October 31. On August 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 31 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around May 13. On March 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Herāt varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from November 26 to April 17, with a greater than 9% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 17% on February 16.
The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from April 17 to November 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 24.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 14% on March 15.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Herāt experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from November 26 to April 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around February 22, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 30 to November 26. The least rain falls around July 28, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Herāt does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Herāt varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 52 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 27 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:08 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 20 minutes later at 7:28 AM on January 8. The earliest sunset is at 5:10 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 27 minutes later at 7:37 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Herāt during 2020.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Herāt, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Herāt experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from June 5 to September 15, with average wind speeds of more than 14.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 19.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.7 months, from September 15 to June 5. The calmest day of the year is November 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Herāt varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 7.4 months, from March 23 to November 5, with a peak percentage of 89% on July 25. The wind is most often from the south for 4.6 months, from November 5 to March 23, with a peak percentage of 52% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Herāt throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Herāt for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid to late May and from late August to mid October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Herāt for hot-weather activities is from early June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Herāt typically lasts for 8.1 months (248 days), from around March 16 to around November 19, rarely starting before February 23 or after April 6, and rarely ending before October 28 or after December 13.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Herāt should appear around February 25, only rarely appearing before February 10 or after March 14.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 7 to August 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 8.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 5 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 19, with an average of 3.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Herāt are 34.348 deg latitude, 62.200 deg longitude, and 3,061 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Herāt contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 220 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,058 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,405 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (9,190 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Herāt is covered by artificial surfaces (84%) and cropland (12%), within 10 miles by cropland (52%) and bare soil (19%), and within 50 miles by grassland (38%) and bare soil (31%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Herāt, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Herat International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Herāt.
At a distance of 16 kilometers from Herāt, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Herāt according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.