Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Tūlak Afghanistan
In Tūlak, the summers are warm, arid, windy, and clear and the winters are freezing, snowy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 13°F to 86°F and is rarely below 1°F or above 92°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Tūlak for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.
Climate in Tūlak
Average Temperature in Tūlak
The hot season lasts for 3.6 months, from May 30 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 76°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 86°F and low of 55°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 27 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 45°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of 13°F and high of 35°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Tūlak
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Tūlak
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Tūlak, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Tūlak begins around May 14 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around November 3. On August 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 3 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around May 14. On March 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 42% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Tūlak
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Tūlak varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from November 26 to April 18, with a greater than 9% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 18% on March 13.
The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from April 18 to November 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 14.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Tūlak changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 8.3 months, from March 9 to July 13 and from July 21 to November 24. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 10% on March 31.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.8 months, from November 24 to February 16. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 11% on January 28.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 4.1 weeks, from February 16 to March 9 and from July 13 to July 21. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 8% on March 5.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Tūlak
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Tūlak experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from February 26 to April 29, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 9.9 months, from April 29 to February 26. The least rain falls around July 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Tūlak
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Tūlak experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from November 3 to April 10, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 11, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.9 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 10 to November 3. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Tūlak
The length of the day in Tūlak varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 53 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 25 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Tūlak
The earliest sunrise is at 5:03 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 18 minutes later at 7:21 AM on January 8. The earliest sunset is at 5:05 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 25 minutes later at 7:30 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Tūlak during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Tūlak
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Tūlak
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Tūlak, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Tūlak
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Tūlak experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 24 to September 9, with average wind speeds of more than 9.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 13.1 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.5 months, from September 9 to May 24. The calmest day of the year is November 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Tūlak
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Tūlak varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 6.7 months, from April 9 to October 31, with a peak percentage of 83% on July 27. The wind is most often from the south for 5.3 months, from October 31 to April 9, with a peak percentage of 53% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Tūlak
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Tūlak throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tūlak for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the second week of July.
Tourism Score in Tūlak
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Tūlak for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in Tūlak
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Tūlak typically lasts for 5.1 months (155 days), from around May 3 to around October 5, rarely starting before April 11 or after May 24, and rarely ending before September 19 or after October 21.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Tūlak
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Tūlak should appear around April 24, only rarely appearing before April 14 or after May 8.
Growing Degree Days in Tūlak
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 12 to August 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 8.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 9.2 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 6 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Tūlak
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tūlak are 33.975 deg latitude, 63.729 deg longitude, and 7,464 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Tūlak contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,194 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,922 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,856 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,707 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Tūlak is covered by grassland (83%) and cropland (12%), within 10 miles by grassland (90%), and within 50 miles by grassland (83%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Tūlak, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Herat International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Tūlak.
At a distance of 141 kilometers from Tūlak, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Tūlak according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.