Average Weather in Kabul Afghanistan
In Kabul, the summers are hot and clear, the winters are very cold and partly cloudy, and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 24°F to 93°F and is rarely below 14°F or above 99°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Kabul for hot-weather activities is from mid June to late August.
The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 25 to September 21, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is July 18, with an average high of 93°F and low of 67°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 4 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 53°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 24°F and high of 43°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Kabul, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kabul begins around May 13 and lasts for 5.9 months, ending around November 11. On August 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 11 and lasts for 6.1 months, ending around May 13. On March 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kabul varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.9 months, from February 5 to May 2, with a greater than 14% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on March 19.
The drier season lasts 9.1 months, from May 2 to February 5. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on December 1.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kabul changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from January 31 to December 30. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 22% on March 27.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 1.1 months, from December 30 to January 31. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on January 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kabul experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.9 months, from January 19 to November 14, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 28, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from November 14 to January 19. The least rain falls around December 16, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kabul experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from December 8 to March 9, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 3, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 9.0 months, from March 9 to December 8. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Kabul varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 51 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:40 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 21 minutes later at 7:00 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 4:42 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 27 minutes later at 7:10 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Kabul during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
The perceived humidity level in Kabul, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Kabul experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from May 4 to September 14, with average wind speeds of more than 6.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 30, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.7 months, from September 14 to May 4. The calmest day of the year is November 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kabul varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 5.0 months, from May 4 to October 4, with a peak percentage of 72% on July 13. The wind is most often from the west for 7.0 months, from October 4 to May 4, with a peak percentage of 47% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kabul throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Kabul for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to mid July and from early August to early October, with a peak score in the second week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kabul for hot-weather activities is from mid June to late August, with a peak score in the second week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Kabul typically lasts for 8.1 months (248 days), from around March 16 to around November 19, rarely starting before February 23 or after April 8, and rarely ending before November 2 or after December 7.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kabul should appear around March 28, only rarely appearing before March 15 or after April 11.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 10 to August 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 29, with an average of 8.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from November 7 to February 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kabul are 34.528 deg latitude, 69.172 deg longitude, and 5,896 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kabul contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,371 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 5,971 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,780 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,261 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kabul is covered by artificial surfaces (90%), within 10 miles by cropland (33%) and grassland (31%), and within 50 miles by grassland (67%) and cropland (13%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kabul, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kabul.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kabul according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Kabul is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kabul and a given station.
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .