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Average Weather in Imām Şāḩib Afghanistan

In Imām Şāḩib, the summers are sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are very cold, dry, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 33°F to 102°F and is rarely below 23°F or above 107°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Imām Şāḩib for hot-weather activities is from late May to early September.

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Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhotswelteringhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow100%100%42%42%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.4 inprecipitation: 1.4 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 2%muggy: 2%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.4beach/pool score: 8.40.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.
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Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 23 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 91°F. The hottest day of the year is July 11, with an average high of 102°F and low of 73°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 24 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 61°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 33°F and high of 50°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in Imām ŞāḩibJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmwarmhotswelteringvery coldcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Saint George, Utah, United States (7,309 miles away) and Vernon, Texas, United States (7,458 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Imām Şāḩib (view comparison).

Clouds

In Imām Şāḩib, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Imām Şāḩib begins around May 12 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around October 26. On August 14, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 26 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around May 12. On March 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 58% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 42% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in Imām ŞāḩibclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 14100%Aug 14100%Mar 242%Mar 242%May 1270%May 1270%Oct 2671%Oct 2671%NowNowclearovercastmostly clear
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Imām Şāḩib varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.9 months, from December 2 to April 29, with a greater than 12% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 24% on March 17.

The drier season lasts 7.1 months, from April 29 to December 2. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on August 23.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 23% on March 17.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Imām ŞāḩibwetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 1724%Mar 1724%Aug 230%Aug 230%Dec 212%Dec 212%Apr 2912%Apr 2912%NowNowrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Imām Şāḩib experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from November 28 to May 13, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 18, with an average total accumulation of 1.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from May 13 to November 28. The least rain falls around August 30, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Imām Şāḩib does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Imām ŞāḩibsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.2 in0.4 in0.6 in0.8 in1.0 in1.2 in1.4 inJan 280.2 inJan 280.2 inJul 150.0 inJul 150.0 inDec 50.2 inDec 50.2 inMar 10.1 inMar 10.1 inNowNow
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Imām Şāḩib varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2020, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 36 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Imām ŞāḩibJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2014 hr, 43 minJun 2114 hr, 43 minJun 2112 hr, 9 minSep 2212 hr, 9 minSep 229 hr, 36 minDec 219 hr, 36 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:33 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 35 minutes later at 7:08 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 4:36 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 42 minutes later at 7:18 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Imām Şāḩib during 2020.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Imām ŞāḩibJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 134:33 AMJun 134:33 AM7:18 PMJun 287:18 PMJun 28Dec 64:36 PMDec 64:36 PM7:08 AMJan 67:08 AMJan 6daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2020. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2020. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Imām Şāḩib, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in Imām ŞāḩibJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Dec 20%Dec 20%May 152%May 152%drydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Imām Şāḩib experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from May 9 to September 8, with average wind speeds of more than 4.8 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.0 months, from September 8 to May 9. The calmest day of the year is December 21, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in Imām ŞāḩibwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mph10 mphJul 86.2 mphJul 86.2 mphDec 213.5 mphDec 213.5 mphMay 94.8 mphMay 94.8 mphSep 84.8 mphSep 84.8 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Imām Şāḩib varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 7.9 months, from March 19 to November 16, with a peak percentage of 67% on August 2. The wind is most often from the east for 4.1 months, from November 16 to March 19, with a peak percentage of 35% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in Imām ŞāḩibEWEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Imām Şāḩib throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Imām Şāḩib for general outdoor tourist activities is from late August to mid October, with a peak score in the third week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Imām ŞāḩibJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.18.10.90.97.17.15.95.9NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Imām Şāḩib for hot-weather activities is from late May to early September, with a peak score in the third week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Imām Şāḩibbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.48.40.00.08.28.2NowNow precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Imām Şāḩib typically lasts for 8.8 months (270 days), from around March 1 to around November 26, rarely starting before February 9 or after March 24, and rarely ending before November 3 or after December 22.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Imām Şāḩibgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 150%Mar 150%Nov 2650%Nov 2690%Mar 2490%Mar 2490%Nov 390%Nov 310%Feb 910%Feb 910%Dec 2210%Dec 220%Jan 160%Jan 16Jul 14100%Jul 14100%very coldcoldcomfortablewarmhotcoolsweltering
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Imām Şāḩib should appear around February 21, only rarely appearing before February 7 or after March 11.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in Imām ŞāḩibJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F1,000°F2,000°F3,000°F4,000°F5,000°F6,000°FFeb 2184°FFeb 2184°FMay 3900°FMay 3900°FDec 315,900°FDec 315,900°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 10 to August 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 8.4 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from November 3 to February 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Imām ŞāḩibbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJun 218.4 kWhJun 218.4 kWhDec 202.3 kWhDec 202.3 kWhMay 107.2 kWhMay 107.2 kWhAug 277.2 kWhAug 277.2 kWhFeb 203.5 kWhFeb 203.5 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Imām Şāḩib are 37.189 deg latitude, 68.936 deg longitude, and 1,175 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Imām Şāḩib is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 72 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,167 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (3,146 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,587 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Imām Şāḩib is covered by cropland (84%) and artificial surfaces (14%), within 10 miles by cropland (59%) and grassland (13%), and within 50 miles by cropland (47%) and bare soil (21%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Imām Şāḩib, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Imām Şāḩib.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Imām Şāḩib according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Imām Şāḩib is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Imām Şāḩib and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Termez Airport (53%, 145 kilometers, west) and Dushanbe International Airport (47%, 151 kilometers, north).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.