Average Weather in Qarqīn Afghanistan
In Qarqīn, the summers are sweltering, arid, and clear and the winters are very cold, dry, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 103°F and is rarely below 22°F or above 109°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit Qarqīn for hot-weather activities are from late May to early July and from late July to mid September.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 22 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 92°F. The hottest day of the year is July 17, with an average high of 103°F and low of 77°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 22 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 60°F. The coldest day of the year is January 13, with an average low of 32°F and high of 49°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Qarqīn, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Qarqīn begins around May 13 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around October 25. On July 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 25 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around May 13. On March 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 50% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 50% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Qarqīn varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.0 months, from November 29 to April 29, with a greater than 9% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 18% on March 19.
The drier season lasts 7.0 months, from April 29 to November 29. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 12.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 17% on March 19.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Qarqīn experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from January 26 to May 2, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 26, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from May 2 to January 26. The least rain falls around July 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Qarqīn does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Qarqīn varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 35 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 45 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:44 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 36 minutes later at 7:20 AM on January 6. The earliest sunset is at 4:47 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 43 minutes later at 7:30 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Qarqīn during 2019.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Qarqīn, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Qarqīn experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from June 5 to August 23, with average wind speeds of more than 8.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.4 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 9.4 months, from August 23 to June 5. The calmest day of the year is October 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Qarqīn varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 4.2 months, from April 25 to August 31, with a peak percentage of 65% on July 7. The wind is most often from the west for 1.6 months, from August 31 to October 19, with a peak percentage of 46% on September 1. The wind is most often from the east for 6.2 months, from October 19 to April 25, with a peak percentage of 55% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Qarqīn throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Qarqīn for general outdoor tourist activities is from early September to mid October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Qarqīn for hot-weather activities are from late May to early July and from late July to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Qarqīn typically lasts for 8.7 months (267 days), from around March 2 to around November 24, rarely starting before February 11 or after March 21, and rarely ending before November 1 or after December 20.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Qarqīn should appear around February 27, only rarely appearing before February 14 or after March 15.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 10 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 27, with an average of 8.5 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from November 3 to February 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Qarqīn are 37.419 deg latitude, 66.044 deg longitude, and 856 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Qarqīn is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 46 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 859 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (646 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (9,501 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Qarqīn is covered by cropland (32%), bare soil (20%), water (18%), and herbaceous vegetation (18%), within 10 miles by bare soil (63%) and cropland (21%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (66%) and cropland (16%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Qarqīn, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Qarqīn.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Qarqīn according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Qarqīn is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Qarqīn and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Termez Airport (42%, 113 kilometers, east); Mazar-i-Sharif Airfield (33%, 130 kilometers, southeast); and Karshi-Khanabad Air Base (25%, 158 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.