Average Weather in Qarah Bāgh Afghanistan
In Qarah Bāgh, the summers are hot, arid, extremely windy, and clear and the winters are very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 97°F and is rarely below 14°F or above 103°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Qarah Bāgh for hot-weather activities is from early June to early September.
The hot season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 22 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is July 12, with an average high of 97°F and low of 72°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.5 months, from November 23 to March 6, with an average daily high temperature below 57°F. The coldest day of the year is January 11, with an average low of 25°F and high of 47°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Qarah Bāgh, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Qarah Bāgh begins around May 13 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around October 28. On August 29, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 28 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around May 13. On March 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 43% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 57% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Qarah Bāgh varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.9 months, from November 26 to April 22, with a greater than 10% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 19% on March 13.
The drier season lasts 7.1 months, from April 22 to November 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 31.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Qarah Bāgh changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from January 14 to July 30 and from August 25 to December 30. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 15% on March 23.
Snow alone is the most common for 3.7 weeks, from July 30 to August 25. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 6% on February 2.
Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 2.1 weeks, from December 30 to January 14. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 6% on February 19.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Qarah Bāgh experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from January 11 to May 4, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around March 16, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from May 4 to January 11. The least rain falls around August 10, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Qarah Bāgh experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from November 6 to April 1, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 10, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.2 months, from April 1 to November 6. The least snow falls around July 18, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Qarah Bāgh varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 48 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 30 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:08 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 23 minutes later at 7:31 AM on January 7. The earliest sunset is at 5:11 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 30 minutes later at 7:40 PM on June 29.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Qarah Bāgh during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Qarah Bāgh, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Qarah Bāgh experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 9 to September 11, with average wind speeds of more than 13.9 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is July 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 18.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.9 months, from September 11 to June 9. The calmest day of the year is April 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Qarah Bāgh varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 8.7 months, from February 25 to November 17, with a peak percentage of 94% on August 2. The wind is most often from the south for 3.3 months, from November 17 to February 25, with a peak percentage of 51% on January 1.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Qarah Bāgh throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Qarah Bāgh for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to early June and from late August to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Qarah Bāgh for hot-weather activities is from early June to early September, with a peak score in the first week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Qarah Bāgh typically lasts for 6.9 months (209 days), from around March 30 to around October 25, rarely starting before March 11 or after April 20, and rarely ending before October 4 or after November 21.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Qarah Bāgh should appear around March 7, only rarely appearing before February 20 or after March 25.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 8 to August 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 23, with an average of 8.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 5 to February 14, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Qarah Bāgh are 34.940 deg latitude, 61.776 deg longitude, and 3,196 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Qarah Bāgh contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 459 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,198 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,226 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,074 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Qarah Bāgh is covered by cropland (72%) and bare soil (19%), within 10 miles by cropland (50%) and bare soil (27%), and within 50 miles by grassland (33%) and bare soil (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Qarah Bāgh, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Herat International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Qarah Bāgh.
At a distance of 91 kilometers from Qarah Bāgh, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Qarah Bāgh according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.