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Average Weather in Ghazni Afghanistan

In Ghazni, the summers are hot, dry, and clear and the winters are very cold, snowy, and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 23°F to 91°F and is rarely below 12°F or above 97°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Ghazni for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August.

Climate Summary

very coldcoldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow99%99%60%60%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.9 inprecipitation: 1.9 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.7beach/pool score: 8.70.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 22 to September 17, with an average daily high temperature above 81°F. The hottest day of the year is July 17, with an average high of 91°F and low of 66°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 2 to March 3, with an average daily high temperature below 50°F. The coldest day of the year is January 16, with an average low of 23°F and high of 40°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in GhaznihotcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FJan 1640°FJan 1640°FJul 1791°FJul 1791°F23°F23°F66°F66°FMay 2281°FMay 2281°FSep 1781°FSep 1781°FDec 250°FDec 250°FMar 350°FMar 350°F53°F53°F55°F55°F30°F30°F32°F32°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in GhazniJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotfreezingfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Mount Vernon, Illinois, United States (7,270 miles away) and Frederick, Maryland, United States (6,950 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Ghazni (view comparison).

Clouds

In Ghazni, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Ghazni begins around May 11 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around November 11. On September 10, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 99% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 1% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around November 11 and lasts for 6.0 months, ending around May 11. On March 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 40% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 60% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in GhazniclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Sep 1099%Sep 1099%Mar 2260%Mar 2260%May 1180%May 1180%Nov 1180%Nov 1180%NowNowclearovercastmostly clearmostly cloudypartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Ghazni varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 6.7 months, from February 3 to August 25, with a greater than 13% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 21% on March 27.

The drier season lasts 5.2 months, from August 25 to February 3. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on November 23.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Ghazni changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 6 to December 29. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 20% on March 31.

Snow alone is the most common for 1.2 months, from January 1 to February 6. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on January 30.

Mixed snow and rain is the most common for 3.0 days, from December 29 to January 1. The highest chance of a day with mixed snow and rain is 5% on February 16.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in GhaznisnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 2721%Mar 2721%Nov 235%Nov 235%Feb 614%Feb 614%Aug 2513%Aug 2513%NowNowrainsnow
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ghazni experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from February 7 to November 3, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 2, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 3 to February 7. The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Ghazni experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from November 28 to March 23, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around February 6, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from March 23 to November 28. The least snow falls around July 22, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in GhaznisnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 inFeb 60.6 inFeb 60.6 inJul 220.0 inJul 220.0 inNov 280.1 inNov 280.1 inMar 230.1 inMar 230.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Ghazni varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 23 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:45 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 16 minutes later at 7:01 AM on January 8. The earliest sunset is at 4:47 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 23 minutes later at 7:10 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Ghazni during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in GhazniJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 124:45 AMJun 124:45 AM7:10 PMJun 307:10 PMJun 30Dec 44:47 PMDec 44:47 PM7:01 AMJan 87:01 AMJan 8daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Ghazni, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in GhazniJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Jan 250%Jan 250%Aug 110%Aug 110%NowNowdrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Ghazni experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from January 23 to June 12, with average wind speeds of more than 7.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 7.3 months, from June 12 to January 23. The calmest day of the year is August 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in GhazniwindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mphMar 98.2 mphMar 98.2 mphAug 145.7 mphAug 145.7 mphJan 237.0 mphJan 237.0 mphJun 127.0 mphJun 127.0 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Ghazni varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 1.6 weeks, from January 21 to February 1, with a peak percentage of 33% on January 28. The wind is most often from the west for 2.6 months, from February 1 to April 20, with a peak percentage of 41% on March 7. The wind is most often from the north for 9.0 months, from April 20 to January 21, with a peak percentage of 36% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in GhazniNSWNJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Ghazni throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Ghazni for general outdoor tourist activities are from late May to early July and from late July to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Ghaznibest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810109.09.00.00.08.58.57.97.9NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Ghazni for hot-weather activities is from late June to late August, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Ghaznibest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.78.70.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Ghazni typically lasts for 7.6 months (232 days), from around March 27 to around November 14, rarely starting before March 8 or after April 19, and rarely ending before October 26 or after December 4.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Ghaznigrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2750%Mar 2750%Nov 1450%Nov 1490%Apr 1990%Apr 1990%Oct 2690%Oct 2610%Mar 810%Mar 810%Dec 410%Dec 40%Jan 290%Jan 29Jul 27100%Jul 27100%NowNowfreezingvery coldcomfortablewarmhotcoldcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Ghazni should appear around April 4, only rarely appearing before March 23 or after April 18.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in GhazniJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°F4,500°F4,500°FApr 487°FApr 487°FJun 5900°FJun 5900°FJul 111,800°FJul 111,800°FDec 314,104°FDec 314,104°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from May 6 to August 28, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 18, with an average of 8.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from November 8 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 3.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in GhaznibrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhJun 188.9 kWhJun 188.9 kWhDec 223.4 kWhDec 223.4 kWhMay 67.8 kWhMay 67.8 kWhAug 287.8 kWhAug 287.8 kWhFeb 134.5 kWhFeb 134.5 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ghazni are 33.554 deg latitude, 68.421 deg longitude, and 7,149 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ghazni contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 725 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,211 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,196 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (9,373 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ghazni is covered by artificial surfaces (39%), cropland (31%), and grassland (25%), within 10 miles by grassland (53%) and cropland (29%), and within 50 miles by grassland (66%) and cropland (19%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Ghazni, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Forward Operating Base Shank, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ghazni.

At a distance of 72 kilometers from Ghazni, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ghazni according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.