Average Weather in Saint Petersburg Russia
In Saint Petersburg, the temperature typically varies from 14°F to 73°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below -8°F or above 83°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.2 months, from May 27 to September 3, with an average daily high temperature above 63°F. The hottest day of the year is July 25, with an average high of 73°F and low of 55°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 19 to March 15, with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest day of the year is February 6, with an average low of 14°F and high of 25°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Saint Petersburg varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 5 hours, 53 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 3:34 AM on June 19, and the latest sunrise is 6 hours, 27 minutes later at 10:01 AM on December 27. The earliest sunset is at 3:52 PM on December 16, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 34 minutes later at 10:26 PM on June 23.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Saint Petersburg during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
In Saint Petersburg, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Saint Petersburg begins around April 18 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around October 1. On July 18, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 57% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 43% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 1 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around April 18. On January 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 79% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 21% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Saint Petersburg varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.6 months, from May 12 to November 29, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on August 21.
The drier season lasts 5.5 months, from November 29 to May 12. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on March 3.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Saint Petersburg changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.4 months, from February 28 to December 10. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 34% on August 21.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.6 months, from December 10 to February 28. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 12% on December 20.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Saint Petersburg experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.3 months, from March 11 to December 19, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 27, with an average total accumulation of 2.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from December 19 to March 11. The least rain falls around February 13, with and average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Saint Petersburg experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 17 to April 22, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 22, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 22 to October 17. The least snow falls around July 20, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Saint Petersburg, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Saint Petersburg experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from September 25 to April 16, with average wind speeds of more than 3.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from April 16 to September 25. The calmest day of the year is July 22, with an average hourly wind speed of 2.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Saint Petersburg varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.3 months, from April 7 to September 15, with a peak percentage of 40% on June 4. The wind is most often from the south for 6.7 months, from September 15 to April 7, with a peak percentage of 44% on November 25.
Saint Petersburg is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.6 months, from July 1 to September 18, with an average temperature above 56°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 13, with an average temperature of 62°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.0 months, from November 28 to April 28, with an average temperature below 38°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 20, with an average temperature of 31°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences very significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 5 to August 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 29, with an average of 6.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from October 12 to February 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 0.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Saint Petersburg are 59.939 deg latitude, 30.314 deg longitude, and 39 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Saint Petersburg is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 92 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 41 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (256 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (719 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Saint Petersburg is covered by artificial surfaces (95%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (46%) and water (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (63%) and water (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Saint Petersburg, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Saint Petersburg.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Saint Petersburg according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Saint Petersburg is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Saint Petersburg and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .