Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Saint Petersburg Russia
In Saint Petersburg, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, snowy, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 14°F to 73°F and is rarely below -8°F or above 83°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Saint Petersburg for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid August.
Climate in Saint Petersburg
The warm season lasts for 3.2 months, from May 28 to September 3, with an average daily high temperature above 64°F. The hottest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is July, with an average high of 73°F and low of 54°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 20 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 34°F. The coldest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is February, with an average low of 15°F and high of 27°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Saint Petersburg
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Saint Petersburg
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Laurium, Michigan, United States (4,278 miles away); Dover, Vermont, United States (4,121 miles); and Gambo, Canada (3,248 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Saint Petersburg (view comparison).
In Saint Petersburg, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Saint Petersburg begins around April 19 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around September 30.
The clearest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 30 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around April 19.
The cloudiest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is January, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 78% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Saint Petersburg
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Saint Petersburg varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.6 months, from May 12 to November 29, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Saint Petersburg is August, with an average of 10.1 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 5.5 months, from November 29 to May 12. The month with the fewest wet days in Saint Petersburg is February, with an average of 4.9 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Saint Petersburg changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.4 months, from February 28 to December 10. The month with the most days of rain alone in Saint Petersburg is August, with an average of 10.1 days.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.6 months, from December 10 to February 28. The month with the most days of snow alone in Saint Petersburg is December, with an average of 3.2 days.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Saint Petersburg
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Saint Petersburg experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 9.3 months, from March 11 to December 20, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Saint Petersburg is August, with an average rainfall of 2.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from December 20 to March 11. The month with the least rain in Saint Petersburg is February, with an average rainfall of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Saint Petersburg
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Saint Petersburg experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 17 to April 22, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow in Saint Petersburg is December, with an average snowfall of 5.7 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 22 to October 17. The least snow falls around July 20, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Snowfall in Saint Petersburg
The length of the day in Saint Petersburg varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2022, the shortest day is December 22, with 5 hours, 53 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 18 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Saint Petersburg
The earliest sunrise is at 3:34 AM on June 19, and the latest sunrise is 6 hours, 27 minutes later at 10:01 AM on December 27. The earliest sunset is at 3:52 PM on December 16, and the latest sunset is 6 hours, 34 minutes later at 10:26 PM on June 23.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Saint Petersburg during 2022.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Saint Petersburg
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Saint Petersburg
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Saint Petersburg, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Saint Petersburg
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Saint Petersburg experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.7 months, from September 24 to April 16, with average wind speeds of more than 6.5 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is January, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.3 months, from April 16 to September 24. The calmest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is July, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Saint Petersburg
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Saint Petersburg varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.3 months, from April 7 to September 15, with a peak percentage of 40% on June 4. The wind is most often from the south for 6.7 months, from September 15 to April 7, with a peak percentage of 38% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.5 months, from July 1 to September 18, with an average temperature above 56°F. The month of the year in Saint Petersburg with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 62°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.0 months, from November 28 to April 27, with an average temperature below 37°F. The month of the year in Saint Petersburg with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 31°F.
Average Water Temperature in Saint Petersburg
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Saint Petersburg throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Saint Petersburg for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
Tourism Score in Saint Petersburg
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Saint Petersburg for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the third week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in Saint Petersburg
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Saint Petersburg typically lasts for 4.8 months (147 days), from around May 10 to around October 4, rarely starting before April 20 or after May 29, and rarely ending before September 13 or after October 23.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Saint Petersburg
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Saint Petersburg should appear around May 14, only rarely appearing before May 4 or after May 26.
Growing Degree Days in Saint Petersburg
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 5 to August 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.8 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is June, with an average of 5.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from October 12 to February 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.3 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Saint Petersburg is December, with an average of 0.2 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Saint Petersburg
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Saint Petersburg are 59.939 deg latitude, 30.314 deg longitude, and 43 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Saint Petersburg is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 92 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 41 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (256 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (719 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Saint Petersburg is covered by artificial surfaces (95%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (46%) and water (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (63%) and water (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Saint Petersburg, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Saint Petersburg.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Saint Petersburg according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Saint Petersburg is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Saint Petersburg and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Saint Petersburg and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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