Average Weather in April in Saint Petersburg Russia
In Saint Petersburg, the month of April is characterized by rapidly rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 13°F, from 42°F to 55°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 68°F or dropping below 32°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 9°F, from 27°F to 36°F, rarely falling below 16°F or exceeding 44°F.
For reference, on July 25, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Saint Petersburg typically range from 55°F to 73°F, while on February 6, the coldest day of the year, they range from 14°F to 25°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in April
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on April. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in April
The month of April in Saint Petersburg experiences decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 67% to 56%.
The clearest day of the month is April 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 44% of the time.
For reference, on January 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 79%, while on July 18, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 57%.
Cloud Cover Categories in April
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Saint Petersburg, the chance of a wet day over the course of April is gradually increasing, starting the month at 21% and ending it at 23%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 34% on August 22, and its lowest chance is 16% on March 3.
Over the course of April in Saint Petersburg, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 14% to 22%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain decreases from 4% to 1%, and the chance of a day with only snow decreases from 2% to 0%.
Probability of Precipitation in April
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during April in Saint Petersburg is increasing, starting the month at 0.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.4 inches or falls below 0.2 inches, and ending the month at 1.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.5 inches or falls below 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in April
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during April in Saint Petersburg is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.5 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in April
Over the course of April in Saint Petersburg, the length of the day is very rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 2 hours, 36 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 5 minutes, 22 seconds, and weekly increase of 37 minutes, 35 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is April 1, with 13 hours, 19 minutes of daylight and the longest day is April 30, with 15 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in April
The latest sunrise of the month in Saint Petersburg is 6:24 AM on April 1 and the earliest sunrise is 1 hour, 24 minutes earlier at 4:59 AM on April 30.
The earliest sunset is 7:42 PM on April 1 and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 11 minutes later at 8:53 PM on April 30.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Saint Petersburg during 2017.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 3:35 AM and sets 18 hours, 51 minutes later, at 10:25 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 10:00 AM and sets 5 hours, 53 minutes later, at 3:53 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in April
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Saint Petersburg is essentially constant during April, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 25, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 3% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in April
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Saint Petersburg is gradually decreasing during April, decreasing from 6.8 miles per hour to 6.3 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.8 miles per hour, while on July 22, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in April
Wind Direction in April
Saint Petersburg is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Saint Petersburg is increasing during April, rising by 5°F, from 33°F to 38°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in April
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Saint Petersburg typically lasts for 4.8 months (147 days), from around May 10 to around October 4, rarely starting before April 20 or after May 29, and rarely ending before September 13 or after October 23.
The month of April in Saint Petersburg is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly increasing from 0% to 26% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in April
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Saint Petersburg is essentially constant during April, remaining within 17°F of 18°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in April
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Saint Petersburg is rapidly increasing during April, rising by 1.6 kWh, from 3.0 kWh to 4.5 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in April
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Saint Petersburg are 59.939 deg latitude, 30.314 deg longitude, and 39 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Saint Petersburg is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 92 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 41 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (256 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (719 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Saint Petersburg is covered by artificial surfaces (95%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (46%) and water (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (63%) and water (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Saint Petersburg year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Saint Petersburg.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Saint Petersburg according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Saint Petersburg is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Saint Petersburg and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.