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Average Weather in Gaborone Botswana

In Gaborone, the temperature typically varies from 41°F to 89°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 34°F or above 97°F.

The hot season lasts for 5.8 months, from September 21 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is December 30, with an average high of 89°F and low of 68°F.

The cool season lasts for 2.2 months, from May 27 to August 3, with an average daily high temperature below 74°F. The coldest day of the year is July 8, with an average low of 41°F and high of 71°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecchillychillycoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhothot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

The length of the day in Gaborone varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is June 21, with 10 hours, 36 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 40 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:18 AM on November 30, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 42 minutes later at 7:01 AM on July 4. The earliest sunset is at 5:34 PM on June 7, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 36 minutes later at 7:10 PM on January 13.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Gaborone during 2017.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Clouds

In Gaborone, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Gaborone begins around March 29 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around October 15. On July 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 94% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 6% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around March 29. On December 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 39% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time.

Cloud Cover

clearerclearercloudiercloudiercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecDec 1239%Dec 1239%Jul 246%Jul 246%Mar 2922%Mar 2922%Oct 1523%Oct 1523%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Gaborone varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from October 24 to April 1, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 42% on December 16.

The drier season lasts 6.7 months, from April 1 to October 24. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on August 11.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 42% on December 16.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Gaborone experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from September 22 to May 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 23, with an average total accumulation of 3.1 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 10 to September 22. The least rain falls around July 22, with and average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Gaborone experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from November 28 to April 2, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is January 29, with muggy conditions 26% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is July 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

muggymuggymuggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 90%Jul 90%Jan 2926%Jan 2926%Nov 286%Nov 286%Apr 27%Apr 27%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Gaborone experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from August 8 to December 6, with average wind speeds of more than 4.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is October 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 8.1 months, from December 6 to August 8. The calmest day of the year is May 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Gaborone varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 4.9 months, from January 10 to June 6, with a peak percentage of 51% on February 23. The wind is most often from the north for 7.1 months, from June 6 to January 10, with a peak percentage of 51% on October 4.

Wind Direction

EENN0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.6 months, from October 11 to February 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 7.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 7 to August 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is June 20, with an average of 4.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gaborone are -24.655 deg latitude, 25.909 deg longitude, and 3,297 ft elevation (map ).

The topography within 2 miles of Gaborone contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 167 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 3,297 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (1,342 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (2,073 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Gaborone is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by grassland (44%) and artificial surfaces (19%), and within 50 miles by grassland (40%) and shrubs (33%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Gaborone, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gaborone.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gaborone according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Gaborone is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gaborone and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Seretse Khama International Airport (98%, 11 kilometers, north) and Mmabatho Airport (2.3%, 132 kilometers, south).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .