Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Botswana Botswana
In Botswana, the summers are long, hot, and partly cloudy and the winters are short, cool, dry, and clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 41°F to 89°F and is rarely below 34°F or above 97°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Botswana for hot-weather activities is from mid September to early April.
Climate in Botswana
The hot season lasts for 5.8 months, from September 22 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest month of the year in Botswana is January, with an average high of 88°F and low of 68°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.2 months, from May 27 to August 3, with an average daily high temperature below 74°F. The coldest month of the year in Botswana is July, with an average low of 41°F and high of 72°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Botswana
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Botswana
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Botswana, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Botswana begins around March 29 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around October 15.
The clearest month of the year in Botswana is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 94% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around March 29.
The cloudiest month of the year in Botswana is December, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 37% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Botswana
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Botswana varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.2 months, from October 25 to April 1, with a greater than 21% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Botswana is December, with an average of 12.1 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 6.7 months, from April 1 to October 25. The month with the fewest wet days in Botswana is July, with an average of 0.2 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Botswana is December, with an average of 12.1 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 41% on December 17.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Botswana
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Botswana experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.6 months, from September 22 to May 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Botswana is January, with an average rainfall of 3.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.4 months, from May 10 to September 22. The month with the least rain in Botswana is July, with an average rainfall of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Botswana
The length of the day in Botswana varies over the course of the year. In 2023, the shortest day is June 21, with 10 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 22, with 13 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Botswana
The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on November 29, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 32 minutes later at 7:03 AM on July 5. The earliest sunset is at 5:47 PM on June 6, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 25 minutes later at 7:13 PM on January 15.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Botswana during 2023.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Botswana
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Botswana
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Botswana
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Botswana experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from November 26 to April 3, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Botswana is January, with 7.2 days that are muggy or worse.
The least muggy day of the year is July 9, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Botswana
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Botswana experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from August 10 to December 6, with average wind speeds of more than 8.0 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Botswana is October, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.1 months, from December 6 to August 10. The calmest month of the year in Botswana is May, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Botswana
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Botswana varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 5.8 months, from January 8 to July 3, with a peak percentage of 51% on February 23. The wind is most often from the north for 6.2 months, from July 3 to January 8, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Botswana
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Botswana throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Botswana for general outdoor tourist activities are from late March to late May and from late July to early October, with a peak score in the last week of August.
Tourism Score in Botswana
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Botswana for hot-weather activities is from mid September to early April, with a peak score in the last week of February.
Beach/Pool Score in Botswana
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Botswana over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is July 2, with a 65% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Botswana
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Botswana should appear around July 13, only rarely appearing before July 11 or after July 15.
Growing Degree Days in Botswana
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from October 11 to February 27, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Botswana is December, with an average of 7.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from May 8 to August 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.1 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Botswana is June, with an average of 4.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Botswana
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Botswana are -22.000 deg latitude, 24.000 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Botswana is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 0 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Botswana is covered by grassland (100%), within 10 miles by grassland (99%), and within 50 miles by grassland (98%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Botswana, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
The details of the data sources used for this report can be found on the Seretse Khama International Airport page.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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