Average Weather in October in Gaborone Botswana
In Gaborone, the month of October is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 87°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 97°F or dropping below 76°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 4°F, from 60°F to 64°F, rarely falling below 53°F or exceeding 70°F.
For reference, on December 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Gaborone typically range from 68°F to 89°F, while on July 8, the coldest day of the year, they range from 41°F to 71°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
The month of October in Gaborone experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 15% to 30%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 85% of the time.
For reference, on December 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 39%, while on July 24, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 94%.
Cloud Cover in October
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Gaborone, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 10% and ending it at 23%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 42% on December 17, and its lowest chance is 0% on August 11.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Gaborone is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 0.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.9 inches or falls below 0.1 inches, and ending the month at 1.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.5 inches or falls below 0.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October in Gaborone, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 42 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 23 seconds, and weekly increase of 9 minutes, 43 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 1, with 12 hours, 19 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 31, with 13 hours, 1 minute of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The latest sunrise of the month in Gaborone is 5:56 AM on October 1 and the earliest sunrise is 27 minutes earlier at 5:29 AM on October 31.
The earliest sunset is 6:15 PM on October 1 and the latest sunset is 15 minutes later at 6:30 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Gaborone during 2017.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:24 AM and sets 13 hours, 40 minutes later, at 7:04 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:59 AM and sets 10 hours, 36 minutes later, at 5:36 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Gaborone is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on January 29, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 26% of the time, while on May 25, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gaborone is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.1 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on October 2, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.2 miles per hour, while on May 11, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.4 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during October is 5.2 miles per hour on October 2.
Average Wind Speed in October
Wind Direction in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Gaborone is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 7.2 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gaborone are -24.655 deg latitude, 25.909 deg longitude, and 3,297 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gaborone contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 167 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,297 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,342 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,073 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gaborone is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by grassland (44%) and artificial surfaces (19%), and within 50 miles by grassland (40%) and shrubs (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gaborone year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gaborone.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gaborone according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Gaborone is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gaborone and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.