Average Weather at Kalkar Germany
At Kalkar, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are long, very cold, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 32°F to 75°F and is rarely below 20°F or above 87°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kalkar for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.
The warm season lasts for 3.2 months, from June 2 to September 10, with an average daily high temperature above 69°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 75°F and low of 57°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 18 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 48°F. The coldest day of the year is February 7, with an average low of 32°F and high of 42°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
At Kalkar, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year at Kalkar begins around March 26 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around October 12. On July 22, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 56% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 44% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around March 26. On December 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 27% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Kalkar varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 8.5 months, from May 19 to February 4, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 35% on December 23.
The drier season lasts 3.5 months, from February 4 to May 19. The smallest chance of a wet day is 23% on April 16.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 33% on June 18.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kalkar experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year at Kalkar. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around December 27, with an average total accumulation of 2.3 inches.
The least rain falls around April 19, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day at Kalkar varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2019, the shortest day is December 22, with 7 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 41 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:15 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 26 minutes later at 8:41 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 4:24 PM on December 13, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 33 minutes later at 9:57 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Kalkar during 2019, starting in the spring on March 31, lasting 6.9 months, and ending in the fall on October 27.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level at Kalkar, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Kalkar experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from October 17 to April 5, with average wind speeds of more than 10.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 17, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.6 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.4 months, from April 5 to October 17. The calmest day of the year is August 4, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction at Kalkar varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 8.4 months, from January 18 to September 30 and for 4.0 days, from December 20 to December 24, with a peak percentage of 46% on July 3. The wind is most often from the south for 2.7 months, from September 30 to December 20 and for 3.6 weeks, from December 24 to January 18, with a peak percentage of 42% on October 31.
Kalkar is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.1 months, from June 27 to September 30, with an average temperature above 60°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 14, with an average temperature of 65°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.8 months, from December 17 to April 9, with an average temperature below 46°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 14, with an average temperature of 41°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Kalkar throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kalkar for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the first week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kalkar for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Kalkar typically lasts for 7.0 months (213 days), from around April 11 to around November 10, rarely starting before March 16 or after May 1, and rarely ending before October 15 or after December 10.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Kalkar should appear around April 19, only rarely appearing before April 6 or after May 2.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 28 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 26, with an average of 6.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from October 26 to February 19, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 0.6 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kalkar are 51.733 deg latitude, 6.267 deg longitude, and 82 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kalkar contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 197 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 91 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (348 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,250 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kalkar is covered by cropland (73%) and grassland (15%), within 10 miles by cropland (53%) and grassland (24%), and within 50 miles by cropland (45%) and grassland (18%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Kalkar, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Kalkar has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Laarbruch, Deelen Air Base, RAF Bruggen, Volkel Airport, Düsseldorf International Airport, Twenthe Airport, NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen, and Eindhoven Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.