Average Weather in Astana Kazakhstan
In Astana, the summers are long, comfortable, and partly cloudy; the winters are long, frigid, windy, and overcast; and it is dry year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -5°F to 79°F and is rarely below -24°F or above 91°F.
The warm season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 13 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest day of the year is July 2, with an average high of 79°F and low of 57°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.8 months, from November 20 to March 14, with an average daily high temperature below 25°F. The coldest day of the year is February 7, with an average low of -5°F and high of 11°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Astana, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Astana begins around March 30 and lasts for 6.7 months, ending around October 21. On August 1, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 21 and lasts for 5.3 months, ending around March 30. On January 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 84% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 16% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Astana varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.4 months, from April 25 to August 5, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on July 14.
The drier season lasts 8.7 months, from August 5 to April 25. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on February 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Astana changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 7.9 months, from March 20 to November 14. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 23% on July 14.
Snow alone is the most common for 4.1 months, from November 14 to March 20. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 8% on December 18.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Astana experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from April 18 to October 24, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 15, with an average total accumulation of 1.3 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.8 months, from October 24 to April 18. The least rain falls around January 28, with and average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Astana experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from October 20 to April 10, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around December 4, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 10 to October 20. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Astana varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 7 hours, 53 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 35 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:58 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 4 hours, 20 minutes later at 9:18 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 5:06 PM on December 12, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 27 minutes later at 9:33 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Astana during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Astana, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Astana experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 14 to May 13, with average wind speeds of more than 5.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.8 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 13 to October 14. The calmest day of the year is August 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Astana varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 3.7 months, from February 23 to June 15 and for 3.6 months, from August 15 to December 2, with a peak percentage of 45% on October 21. The wind is most often from the north for 2.0 months, from June 15 to August 15, with a peak percentage of 37% on July 30. The wind is most often from the south for 2.8 months, from December 2 to February 23, with a peak percentage of 45% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 1 to August 16, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 16, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.8 months, from October 24 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 0.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Astana are 51.180 deg latitude, 71.446 deg longitude, and 1,165 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Astana contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 105 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,169 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (325 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,165 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Astana is covered by artificial surfaces (67%), bare soil (22%), and sparse vegetation (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (29%) and grassland (17%), and within 50 miles by cropland (33%) and sparse vegetation (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Astana, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Astana International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Astana.
At a distance of 18 kilometers from Astana, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Astana according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.