Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Kazakhstan

We show the climate in Kazakhstan by comparing the average weather in 3 representative places: Astana, Almaty, and Shymkent.

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Astana
Kazakhstan
Almaty
Kazakhstan
Shymkent
Kazakhstan
Map

Average High and Low Temperature in Kazakhstan

Average High and Low Temperature in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-10°F-10°F0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°F57-579116113852965239238NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground.
HighJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 12°F13°F27°F51°F67°F76°F79°F75°F64°F47°F28°F16°F
Almaty 29°F33°F47°F62°F72°F80°F85°F83°F74°F60°F44°F33°F
Shymkent 38°F42°F54°F67°F77°F87°F92°F90°F80°F66°F52°F42°F
LowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana -4°F-4°F10°F31°F44°F54°F57°F52°F41°F29°F13°F1°F
Almaty 13°F16°F28°F41°F50°F57°F61°F57°F48°F37°F26°F17°F
Shymkent 23°F26°F35°F46°F54°F62°F65°F62°F53°F42°F34°F26°F

Astana

Average Hourly Temperature in AstanaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfrigidfrigidcoldcoldcoolwarmfreezingcomfortablevery coldfreezingvery cold

Almaty

Average Hourly Temperature in AlmatyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolwarmvery coldvery coldcomfortablecomfortable

Shymkent

Average Hourly Temperature in ShymkentJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablehotwarmfreezingfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chance of Clearer Skies in Kazakhstan

Chance of Clearer Skies in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%701687439639NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The percentage of time the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy (i.e., less than 60% of the sky is covered by clouds).
Clearer SkiesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 18%20%33%52%58%63%66%68%59%45%32%22%
Almaty 46%45%45%49%55%70%83%86%79%62%53%50%
Shymkent 39%43%46%54%67%86%94%95%86%66%51%45%

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Kazakhstan

Daily Chance of Precipitation in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%235288262NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The percentage of days in which precipitation is observed, excluding trace quantities.
Days of Precip.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 2.1d1.7d2.5d3.8d5.6d5.4d6.4d3.9d3.6d4.2d3.4d2.6d
Almaty 3.2d3.2d5.9d6.9d7.7d5.4d4.6d3.2d2.9d4.9d4.9d3.8d
Shymkent 7.1d6.9d7.6d6.8d5.5d2.8d1.7d0.8d1.8d4.3d6.3d7.1d

Average Monthly Rainfall in Kazakhstan

Average Monthly Rainfall in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in1.32.00.11.70.1NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The average rainfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
RainfallJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 0.0″0.0″0.2″0.5″0.9″1.0″1.3″0.7″0.6″0.6″0.2″0.0″
Almaty 0.1″0.2″0.8″1.7″2.0″1.2″0.9″0.6″0.7″0.9″0.6″0.2″
Shymkent 0.8″1.1″1.6″1.7″1.2″0.5″0.2″0.1″0.3″1.0″1.5″1.1″

Average Monthly Snowfall in Kazakhstan

Average Monthly Snowfall in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 in7 in7 in2.93.96.3NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The average snowfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
SnowfallJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 2.3″2.1″2.0″0.8″0.2″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.1″0.8″2.6″2.8″
Almaty 3.7″3.7″3.0″1.1″0.2″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″1.3″3.4″3.8″
Shymkent 6.2″5.6″2.2″0.2″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.6″2.2″4.9″

Hours of Daylight in Kazakhstan

Hours of Daylight in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec4 hr4 hr6 hr6 hr8 hr8 hr10 hr10 hr12 hr12 hr14 hr14 hr16 hr16 hr18 hr18 hr20 hr20 hr16.67.915.49.0NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The number of hours during which the Sun is at least partly above the horizon.
DaylightJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 8.5h10.1h12.0h13.9h15.6h16.5h16.0h14.5h12.6h10.6h8.9h8.0h
Almaty 9.4h10.6h12.0h13.5h14.7h15.3h15.0h13.9h12.4h11.0h9.7h9.0h
Shymkent 9.5h10.6h12.0h13.4h14.6h15.2h14.9h13.8h12.4h11.0h9.8h9.1h

Chance of Muggy Conditions in Kazakhstan

Chance of Muggy Conditions in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%1NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The percentage of time that is muggy, oppressive, or miserable (i.e., a dew point greater than 65°F).
Muggy daysJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.2d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Almaty 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
Shymkent 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d

Average Wind Speed in Kazakhstan

Average Wind Speed in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph12.68.76.25.47.85.5NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The average of mean hourly wind speeds at 10 meters above the ground.
Wind Speed (mph)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 12.412.412.111.410.59.58.99.09.810.911.812.3
Almaty 5.45.55.86.16.16.06.16.05.95.65.55.4
Shymkent 5.86.06.26.36.36.97.57.66.86.15.75.6

Tourism Score in Kazakhstan

Tourism Score in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.07.98.00.1NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The tourism score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.

Beach/Pool Score in Kazakhstan

Beach/Pool Score in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810104.35.77.9NowNowAstanaAstanaShymkentShymkent
The beach/pool score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Growing Season in Kazakhstan

Growing Season in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%20%20%40%40%60%60%80%80%100%100%NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season, defined as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Growing Degree Days in Kazakhstan

Growing Degree Days in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°FNowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, where growing degree days are defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature (50°F in this case).

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Kazakhstan

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in KazakhstanJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh7.00.87.71.98.3NowNowAstanaAstanaAlmatyAlmatyShymkentShymkent
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter.
Solar Energy (kWh)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Astana 1.12.03.55.16.37.06.65.74.12.41.30.8
Almaty 2.33.24.55.96.87.57.66.95.53.82.52.0
Shymkent 2.02.94.25.87.18.18.17.35.83.82.41.8

This report illustrates the typical weather for Astana, Almaty, and Shymkent year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used on this page vary between places and are discussed in detail on each place's dedicated page:

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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