Average Weather in December in Astana Kazakhstan
Daily low temperatures decrease by 7°F, from 6°F to -1°F, rarely falling below -22°F or exceeding 22°F.
For reference, on July 2, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Astana typically range from 57°F to 79°F, while on February 7, the coldest day of the year, they range from -5°F to 11°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Astana experiences increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 73% to 83%.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 27% of the time.
For reference, on January 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 84%, while on August 1, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 70%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Astana, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 9% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 23% on July 14, and its lowest chance is 5% on February 4.
Over the course of December in Astana, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 7% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Astana is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.3 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Astana is essentially constant, remaining about 0.3 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.6 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.3 inches on December 4.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Astana, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 17 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 34 seconds, and weekly decrease of 4 minutes, 0 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is December 22, with 7 hours, 53 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 8 hours, 15 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Astana is 8:55 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 23 minutes later at 9:18 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:06 PM on December 13 and the latest sunset is 9 minutes later at 5:15 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Astana during 2018.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:58 AM and sets 16 hours, 35 minutes later, at 9:33 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 9:15 AM and sets 7 hours, 53 minutes later, at 5:08 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Astana is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 12, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 1% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Astana is gradually increasing during December, increasing from 11.9 miles per hour to 12.5 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.6 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Astana typically lasts for 4.3 months (133 days), from around May 11 to around September 21, rarely starting before April 18 or after June 3, and rarely ending before September 3 or after October 9.
The month of December in Astana is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Astana are essentially constant during December, remaining around 2,122°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Astana is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 0.9 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 0.8 kWh on December 24.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Astana are 51.180 deg latitude, 71.446 deg longitude, and 1,165 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Astana contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 105 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,169 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (325 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,165 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Astana is covered by artificial surfaces (67%), bare soil (22%), and sparse vegetation (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (29%) and grassland (17%), and within 50 miles by cropland (33%) and sparse vegetation (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Astana year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Astana International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Astana.
At a distance of 18 kilometers from Astana, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Astana according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.