Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Bolzano Italy
In Bolzano, the summers are warm, the winters are very cold and dry, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 23°F to 83°F and is rarely below 16°F or above 91°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Bolzano for warm-weather activities is from mid June to late September.
Climate in Bolzano
Average Temperature in Bolzano
The warm season lasts for 3.4 months, from May 29 to September 12, with an average daily high temperature above 74°F. The hottest day of the year is July 26, with an average high of 83°F and low of 61°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.0 months, from November 19 to February 21, with an average daily high temperature below 48°F. The coldest day of the year is January 5, with an average low of 23°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Bolzano
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Bolzano
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Bolzano, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Bolzano begins around June 23 and lasts for 2.8 months, ending around September 18. On July 30, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 64% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 36% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 18 and lasts for 9.2 months, ending around June 23. On May 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 59% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 41% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Bolzano
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Bolzano varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.3 months, from April 19 to September 28, with a greater than 27% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on June 12.
The drier season lasts 6.7 months, from September 28 to April 19. The smallest chance of a wet day is 10% on January 22.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 43% on June 12.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Bolzano
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Bolzano experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from January 30 to January 3, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 29, with an average total accumulation of 3.6 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.9 weeks, from January 3 to January 30. The least rain falls around January 19, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Bolzano
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Bolzano does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in Bolzano
The length of the day in Bolzano varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 35 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 49 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Bolzano
The earliest sunrise is at 5:21 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 37 minutes later at 7:58 AM on January 1. The earliest sunset is at 4:27 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 44 minutes later at 9:11 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Bolzano during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Bolzano
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Bolzano
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Bolzano, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 5% of 5% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Bolzano
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Bolzano does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.5 miles per hour of 3.3 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed in Bolzano
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Bolzano varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 6.4 months, from April 9 to October 22, with a peak percentage of 52% on May 14. The wind is most often from the north for 5.6 months, from October 22 to April 9, with a peak percentage of 68% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Bolzano
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Bolzano throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Bolzano for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to late September, with a peak score in the last week of August.
Tourism Score in Bolzano
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Bolzano for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
Beach/Pool Score in Bolzano
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Bolzano typically lasts for 7.1 months (217 days), from around March 28 to around October 31, rarely starting before March 8 or after April 19, and rarely ending before October 14 or after November 19.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Bolzano
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Bolzano should appear around April 3, only rarely appearing before March 21 or after April 16.
Growing Degree Days in Bolzano
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from April 28 to August 18, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 6.7 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from October 29 to February 6, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.6 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Bolzano
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Bolzano are 46.491 deg latitude, 11.340 deg longitude, and 823 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Bolzano contains extreme variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 3,737 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,375 feet. Within 10 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,368 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (12,533 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Bolzano is covered by artificial surfaces (44%), trees (35%), and cropland (17%), within 10 miles by trees (68%) and cropland (16%), and within 50 miles by trees (50%) and grassland (16%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Bolzano, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Bolzano.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Bolzano according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Bolzano is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Bolzano and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Bolzano Dolomiti Airport (LIPB, 98%, 3.6 kilometers, south); Passo Del Brennero (LIVB, 1.4%, 58 kilometers, north); and Resia Pass (LIVE, 0.3%, 75 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.