Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Santa Gertrudis Mexico
In Santa Gertrudis, the wet season is overcast, the dry season is partly cloudy, and it is comfortable year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 38°F to 77°F and is rarely below 32°F or above 83°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Santa Gertrudis for warm-weather activities is from early April to early June.
Climate in Santa Gertrudis
Average Temperature in Santa Gertrudis
The warm season lasts for 2.5 months, from March 21 to June 7, with an average daily high temperature above 75°F. The hottest day of the year is April 27, with an average high of 77°F and low of 49°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.9 months, from November 5 to February 3, with an average daily high temperature below 70°F. The coldest day of the year is January 12, with an average low of 38°F and high of 68°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Santa Gertrudis
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Santa Gertrudis
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Santa Gertrudis, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Santa Gertrudis begins around October 30 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around June 3. On February 24, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 68% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 32% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 3 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around October 30. On September 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 88% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 12% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Santa Gertrudis
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Santa Gertrudis varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.4 months, from May 28 to October 7, with a greater than 38% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 75% on July 3.
The drier season lasts 7.6 months, from October 7 to May 28. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on December 8.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 75% on July 3.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Santa Gertrudis
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Santa Gertrudis experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 15 to November 9, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 2, with an average total accumulation of 4.8 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from November 9 to April 15. The least rain falls around December 12, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Santa Gertrudis
The length of the day in Santa Gertrudis varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 20 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Santa Gertrudis
The earliest sunrise is at 6:29 AM on April 3, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 9 minutes later at 7:37 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:56 PM on November 25, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 24 minutes later at 8:20 PM on July 4.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Santa Gertrudis during 2021, starting in the spring on April 4, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Santa Gertrudis
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Santa Gertrudis
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Santa Gertrudis, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Santa Gertrudis
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Santa Gertrudis experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from January 26 to April 28, with average wind speeds of more than 5.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 8.9 months, from April 28 to January 26. The calmest day of the year is December 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Santa Gertrudis
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Santa Gertrudis varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 4.0 weeks, from May 7 to June 4, with a peak percentage of 38% on May 31. The wind is most often from the east for 6.0 months, from June 4 to December 5, with a peak percentage of 71% on July 22. The wind is most often from the west for 5.1 months, from December 5 to May 7, with a peak percentage of 31% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Santa Gertrudis
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Santa Gertrudis throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Santa Gertrudis for general outdoor tourist activities is from early April to early June, with a peak score in the second week of May.
Tourism Score in Santa Gertrudis
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Santa Gertrudis for hot-weather activities is from late March to late May, with a peak score in the last week of April.
Beach/Pool Score in Santa Gertrudis
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Santa Gertrudis typically lasts for 10 months (310 days), from around February 12 to around December 19, rarely starting after March 20, or ending before November 4.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Santa Gertrudis
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Santa Gertrudis should appear around January 16, only rarely appearing before January 13 or after January 21.
Growing Degree Days in Santa Gertrudis
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from March 9 to June 7, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 24, with an average of 7.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from November 9 to January 25, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 4.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Santa Gertrudis
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santa Gertrudis are 19.733 deg latitude, -99.367 deg longitude, and 8,031 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Santa Gertrudis contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 938 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,997 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,913 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (8,993 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Santa Gertrudis is covered by shrubs (62%) and cropland (34%), within 10 miles by shrubs (40%) and cropland (36%), and within 50 miles by cropland (38%) and shrubs (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Santa Gertrudis, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Santa Gertrudis.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Santa Gertrudis according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Santa Gertrudis is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Santa Gertrudis and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Benito Juárez International Airport (MMMX, 40%, 45 kilometers, southeast); Licenciado Adolfo López Mateos International Airport (MMTO, 40%, 49 kilometers, southwest); Tulancingo (MMTL, 12%, 112 kilometers, east); and Querétaro Intercontinental Airport (MMQT, 9%, 130 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.