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Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Paris France

In Paris, the summers are short, comfortable, and partly cloudy and the winters are very cold, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 35°F to 78°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 88°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Paris for warm-weather activities is from mid June to mid September.

Climate in Paris

coldcoolcomfortablewarmcomfortablecoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow62%62%26%26%overcastclearprecipitation: 1.8 inprecipitation: 1.8 in1.2 in1.2 inmuggy: 4%muggy: 4%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.2tourism score: 7.20.20.2
Paris weather by month. Click on each chart for more information.

The warm season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 13 to September 10, with an average daily high temperature above 71°F. The hottest month of the year in Paris is July, with an average high of 76°F and low of 58°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 16 to March 7, with an average daily high temperature below 51°F. The coldest month of the year in Paris is January, with an average low of 36°F and high of 44°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in Paris

Average High and Low Temperature in PariswarmcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FFeb 845°FFeb 845°FAug 478°FAug 478°F35°F35°F59°F59°FJun 1371°FJun 1371°FSep 1071°FSep 1071°FNov 1651°FNov 1651°FMar 751°FMar 751°F54°F54°F54°F54°F41°F41°F38°F38°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
AverageJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
High 44°F46°F53°F59°F66°F72°F76°F76°F69°F61°F51°F45°F
Temp. 40°F41°F46°F51°F58°F64°F68°F67°F61°F54°F46°F41°F
Low 36°F36°F39°F44°F50°F55°F58°F58°F53°F47°F41°F37°F

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in Paris

Average Hourly Temperature in ParisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Eastgate, Washington, United States (4,999 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Paris (view comparison).

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Marker
© Esri, et al.

Compare Paris to another city:

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In Paris, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Paris begins around May 7 and lasts for 5.2 months, ending around October 12.

The clearest month of the year in Paris is July, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 61% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 12 and lasts for 6.8 months, ending around May 7.

The cloudiest month of the year in Paris is December, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories in Paris

Cloud Cover Categories in ParisclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2262%Jul 2262%Dec 3026%Dec 3026%May 744%May 744%Oct 1244%Oct 1244%NowNowclearmostly clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.
FractionJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Cloudier 71%64%59%54%54%46%39%41%46%57%68%73%
Clearer 29%36%41%46%46%54%61%59%54%43%32%27%

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Paris varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 10 months, from March 29 to February 4, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Paris is December, with an average of 9.0 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

The drier season lasts 1.8 months, from February 4 to March 29. The month with the fewest wet days in Paris is August, with an average of 6.6 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Paris is May, with an average of 8.9 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on May 23.

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Paris

Daily Chance of Precipitation in PariswetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%May 2330%May 2330%Mar 320%Mar 320%Jan 130%Jan 130%Feb 425%Feb 425%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
Days ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rain 7.9d6.4d7.2d7.0d8.9d7.6d7.0d6.6d7.0d8.0d7.7d8.6d
Mixed 0.2d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d
Snow 0.3d0.1d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.3d
Any 8.3d6.6d7.3d7.0d8.9d7.6d7.0d6.6d7.0d8.0d7.8d9.0d

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Paris experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Paris. The month with the most rain in Paris is December, with an average rainfall of 1.8 inches.

The month with the least rain in Paris is March, with an average rainfall of 1.2 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in Paris

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Rainfall 1.5″1.3″1.2″1.3″1.7″1.7″1.6″1.4″1.5″1.8″1.6″1.8″

The length of the day in Paris varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 15 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 11 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Paris

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in ParisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 7 minMar 2012 hr, 7 minMar 2016 hr, 11 minJun 2116 hr, 11 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2212 hr, 11 minSep 228 hr, 15 minDec 218 hr, 15 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
Hours ofJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Daylight 8.8h10.2h12.0h13.8h15.3h16.1h15.7h14.3h12.5h10.7h9.1h8.3h

The earliest sunrise is at 5:46 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 58 minutes later at 8:44 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 4:53 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 5 minutes later at 9:58 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Paris during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Paris

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in ParisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:46 AMJun 165:46 AM9:58 PMJun 259:58 PMJun 25Dec 114:53 PMDec 114:53 PM8:44 AMDec 318:44 AMDec 31Mar 28DSTMar 28DSTDSTOct 31DSTOct 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Paris

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Paris, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 2% of 2% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels in Paris

Humidity Comfort Levels in ParisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 20%Mar 20%Jul 244%Jul 244%NowNowhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Muggy days 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.6d1.1d0.8d0.2d0.0d0.0d0.0d

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Paris experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from October 13 to April 19, with average wind speeds of more than 9.8 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Paris is January, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.5 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.8 months, from April 19 to October 13. The calmest month of the year in Paris is August, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.1 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in Paris

Average Wind Speed in PariswindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mph20 mph20 mphJan 1611.7 mphJan 1611.7 mphAug 87.8 mphAug 87.8 mphOct 139.8 mphOct 139.8 mphApr 199.8 mphApr 199.8 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Wind Speed (mph) 11.511.210.79.99.18.78.48.18.99.810.311.1

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Paris varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 2.1 months, from February 1 to April 5 and for 3.7 months, from June 8 to September 28, with a peak percentage of 41% on July 6. The wind is most often from the north for 2.1 months, from April 5 to June 8, with a peak percentage of 33% on June 5. The wind is most often from the south for 4.0 months, from September 28 to February 1, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.

Wind Direction in Paris

Wind Direction in ParisSWNWSJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsouthnortheast
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Paris throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Paris for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Tourism Score in Paris

Tourism Score in Parisbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.27.20.20.2NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Paris for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score in Paris

Beach/Pool Score in ParisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810105.15.10.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Paris typically lasts for 8.0 months (243 days), from around March 22 to around November 20, rarely starting before February 16 or after April 20, and rarely ending before October 24 or after December 21.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Paris

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Parisgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 2250%Mar 2250%Nov 2050%Nov 2090%Apr 2090%Apr 2090%Oct 2490%Oct 2410%Feb 1610%Feb 1610%Dec 2110%Dec 210%Jan 140%Jan 14Jul 24100%Jul 24100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Paris should appear around April 7, only rarely appearing before March 22 or after April 24.

Growing Degree Days in Paris

Growing Degree Days in ParisJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°FApr 790°FApr 790°FJul 2900°FJul 2900°FAug 221,800°FAug 221,800°FDec 312,500°FDec 312,500°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 5 to August 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.4 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Paris is June, with an average of 6.5 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from October 28 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.0 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Paris is December, with an average of 0.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Paris

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in ParisbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 266.6 kWhJun 266.6 kWhDec 270.8 kWhDec 270.8 kWhMay 55.4 kWhMay 55.4 kWhAug 205.4 kWhAug 205.4 kWhOct 282.0 kWhOct 282.0 kWhFeb 172.0 kWhFeb 172.0 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Solar Energy (kWh) 1.11.93.34.75.86.56.45.64.12.51.30.8

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Paris are 48.853 deg latitude, 2.349 deg longitude, and 138 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Paris contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 233 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 159 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (633 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (883 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Paris is covered by artificial surfaces (97%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (91%), and within 50 miles by cropland (58%) and trees (23%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in Paris, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Paris.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Paris according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Paris is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Paris and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:

To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Paris and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

Please review our full terms contained on our Terms of Service page.