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Average Weather in Baena Spain

In Baena, the summers are short, hot, arid, and mostly clear and the winters are cold and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 95°F and is rarely below 26°F or above 102°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Baena for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September.

Climate Summary

coldcoolcomfortablewarmhothotwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow93%93%52%52%clearovercastprecipitation: 2.5 inprecipitation: 2.5 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.6beach/pool score: 8.60.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 2.9 months, from June 15 to September 11, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 95°F and low of 64°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.7 months, from November 15 to March 5, with an average daily high temperature below 63°F. The coldest day of the year is January 15, with an average low of 34°F and high of 55°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in BaenahotcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°F110°F110°FJan 1555°FJan 1555°FJul 2395°FJul 2395°F34°F34°F64°F64°FJun 1587°FJun 1587°FSep 1187°FSep 1187°FNov 1563°FNov 1563°FMar 563°FMar 563°F58°F58°F60°F60°F43°F43°F39°F39°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in BaenaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotcomfortablewarmvery coldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Vincent, California, United States (5,898 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Baena (view comparison).

Clouds

In Baena, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Baena begins around June 10 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around September 7. On July 21, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 93% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 7% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around September 7 and lasts for 9.1 months, ending around June 10. On December 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 48% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 52% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in BaenaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 2193%Jul 2193%Dec 1652%Dec 1652%Jun 1072%Jun 1072%Sep 772%Sep 772%NowNowclearmostly clearmostly cloudyovercastpartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Baena varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 7.9 months, from September 26 to May 21, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on October 31.

The drier season lasts 4.1 months, from May 21 to September 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 1% on July 30.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 22% on October 31.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in BaenawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Oct 3122%Oct 3122%Jul 301%Jul 301%Jan 119%Jan 119%Sep 2611%Sep 2611%May 2111%May 2111%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Baena experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from September 7 to June 5, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 6, with an average total accumulation of 2.5 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 5 to September 7. The least rain falls around July 28, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Baena varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 34 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:55 AM on June 13, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 45 minutes later at 8:40 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:58 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 44 minutes later at 9:42 PM on June 28.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Baena during 2021, starting in the spring on March 28, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in BaenaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMJun 136:55 AMJun 136:55 AM9:42 PMJun 289:42 PMJun 28Dec 75:58 PMDec 75:58 PM8:40 AMOct 308:40 AMOct 30Mar 28DSTMar 28DSTDSTOct 31DSTOct 31daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Baena, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in BaenaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Dec 70%Dec 70%Aug 181%Aug 181%NowNowcomfortablecomfortabledrydryhumidhumid
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Baena experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 22 to May 22, with average wind speeds of more than 6.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 22 to October 22. The calmest day of the year is September 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in BaenawindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mphApr 77.6 mphApr 77.6 mphSep 135.9 mphSep 135.9 mphOct 226.7 mphOct 226.7 mphMay 226.7 mphMay 226.7 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Baena varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the west for 1.4 weeks, from February 12 to February 22 and for 7.4 months, from March 8 to October 19, with a peak percentage of 52% on June 20. The wind is most often from the east for 2.0 weeks, from February 22 to March 8 and for 3.4 months, from November 1 to February 12, with a peak percentage of 31% on February 24. The wind is most often from the south for 1.9 weeks, from October 19 to November 1, with a peak percentage of 31% on October 19.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in BaenaEEWSEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Baena throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Baena for general outdoor tourist activities are from early May to early July and from late August to mid October, with a peak score in the first week of June.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Baenabest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810107.37.31.21.27.37.36.16.1NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Baena for hot-weather activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the third week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Baenabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.68.60.00.0NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Baena typically lasts for 8.6 months (263 days), from around March 11 to around November 29, rarely starting before February 12 or after April 6, and rarely ending before November 10 or after December 21.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Baenagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 1150%Mar 1150%Nov 2950%Nov 2990%Apr 690%Apr 690%Nov 1090%Nov 1010%Feb 1210%Feb 1210%Dec 2110%Dec 213%Jan 123%Jan 12Jul 31100%Jul 31100%NowNowvery coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Baena should appear around February 24, only rarely appearing before February 13 or after March 11.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in BaenaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F500°F500°F1,000°F1,000°F1,500°F1,500°F2,000°F2,000°F2,500°F2,500°F3,000°F3,000°F3,500°F3,500°F4,000°F4,000°F4,500°F4,500°FFeb 2488°FFeb 2488°FMay 29900°FMay 29900°FJul 81,800°FJul 81,800°FDec 314,446°FDec 314,446°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 13 to August 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 4, with an average of 8.3 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 28 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.5 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 2.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in BaenabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh10 kWh10 kWhJul 48.3 kWhJul 48.3 kWhDec 202.3 kWhDec 202.3 kWhMay 137.1 kWhMay 137.1 kWhAug 217.1 kWhAug 217.1 kWhOct 283.5 kWhOct 283.5 kWhFeb 133.5 kWhFeb 133.5 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Baena are 37.617 deg latitude, -4.322 deg longitude, and 1,352 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Baena contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,224 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,474 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,799 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,890 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Baena is covered by cropland (91%), within 10 miles by cropland (85%), and within 50 miles by cropland (76%) and trees (15%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Baena, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Baena.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Baena according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Baena is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Baena and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Córdoba Airport (40%, 53 kilometers, northwest); Federico García Lorca Airport (34%, 68 kilometers, southeast); Málaga Airport (16%, 106 kilometers, south); and Ciudad Real Central Airport (10%, 156 kilometers, north).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.