Climate and Average Weather Year Round in La Reforma Mexico
In La Reforma, the wet season is hot, oppressive, and mostly cloudy and the dry season is warm and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 55°F to 95°F and is rarely below 49°F or above 99°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best times of year to visit La Reforma for hot-weather activities are from mid May to mid June and from mid to late October.
Climate in La Reforma
Average Temperature in La Reforma
The hot season lasts for 5.0 months, from May 25 to October 25, with an average daily high temperature above 92°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 95°F and low of 79°F.
The cool season lasts for 2.7 months, from December 6 to February 25, with an average daily high temperature below 82°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 55°F and high of 79°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in La Reforma
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in La Reforma
In La Reforma, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in La Reforma begins around September 27 and lasts for 9.2 months, ending around July 1. On June 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 83% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 17% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around July 1 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around September 27. On August 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 78% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 22% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in La Reforma
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in La Reforma varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.0 months, from June 27 to September 26, with a greater than 30% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 58% on August 7.
The drier season lasts 9.0 months, from September 26 to June 27. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on April 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 58% on August 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in La Reforma
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. La Reforma experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.0 months, from June 6 to February 6, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 21, with an average total accumulation of 5.5 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from February 6 to June 6. The least rain falls around May 11, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in La Reforma
The length of the day in La Reforma varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 35 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 42 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in La Reforma
The earliest sunrise is at 6:01 AM on April 3, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 17 minutes later at 7:18 AM on October 30. The earliest sunset is at 5:21 PM on November 28, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 44 minutes later at 8:06 PM on July 1.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in La Reforma during 2021, starting in the spring on April 4, lasting 6.8 months, and ending in the fall on October 31.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in La Reforma
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in La Reforma
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
La Reforma experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.2 months, from May 11 to November 18, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 27% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 6, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 25, with muggy conditions 2% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in La Reforma
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in La Reforma experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from November 12 to July 7, with average wind speeds of more than 6.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is June 6, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.1 months, from July 7 to November 12. The calmest day of the year is August 15, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in La Reforma
The predominant average hourly wind direction in La Reforma varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 4.5 months, from February 2 to June 18 and for 3.5 months, from July 17 to November 3, with a peak percentage of 58% on May 5. The wind is most often from the south for 4.1 weeks, from June 18 to July 17, with a peak percentage of 49% on June 27. The wind is most often from the north for 3.0 months, from November 3 to February 2, with a peak percentage of 46% on January 1.
Wind Direction in La Reforma
La Reforma is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.0 months, from June 24 to October 24, with an average temperature above 83°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 22, with an average temperature of 87°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.9 months, from December 18 to April 15, with an average temperature below 72°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 15, with an average temperature of 68°F.
Average Water Temperature in La Reforma
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in La Reforma throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit La Reforma for general outdoor tourist activities are from late January to early June and from late October to late December, with a peak score in the third week of November.
Tourism Score in La Reforma
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit La Reforma for hot-weather activities are from mid May to mid June and from mid to late October, with a peak score in the first week of June.
Beach/Pool Score in La Reforma
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in La Reforma are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in La Reforma
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in La Reforma
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.3 months, from April 16 to June 24, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 3, with an average of 7.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from November 12 to February 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 18, with an average of 3.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in La Reforma
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of La Reforma are 25.082 deg latitude, -108.057 deg longitude, and 26 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of La Reforma contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 240 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 15 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,368 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,570 feet).
The area within 2 miles of La Reforma is covered by cropland (46%), water (34%), and shrubs (11%), within 10 miles by cropland (48%) and water (28%), and within 50 miles by water (38%) and cropland (29%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in La Reforma, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in La Reforma.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and La Reforma according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at La Reforma is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between La Reforma and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Federal de Bachigualato International Airport (MMCL, 71%, 68 kilometers, southeast) and Los Mochis International Airport (MMLM, 29%, 123 kilometers, northwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.