Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Charlottetown Canada
In Charlottetown, the summers are comfortable and partly cloudy and the winters are freezing, snowy, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 11°F to 74°F and is rarely below -3°F or above 82°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Charlottetown for warm-weather activities is from early July to early September.
Climate in Charlottetown
The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 10 to September 19, with an average daily high temperature above 65°F. The hottest month of the year in Charlottetown is July, with an average high of 73°F and low of 60°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.4 months, from December 9 to March 20, with an average daily high temperature below 35°F. The coldest month of the year in Charlottetown is January, with an average low of 13°F and high of 27°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Charlottetown
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Charlottetown
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Charlottetown, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Charlottetown begins around June 10 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around November 10.
The clearest month of the year in Charlottetown is September, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 58% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around November 10 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around June 10.
The cloudiest month of the year in Charlottetown is February, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 68% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Charlottetown
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
Charlottetown does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 27% to 35%, with an average value of 30%.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Charlottetown changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 9.5 months, from March 13 to December 26. The month with the most days of rain alone in Charlottetown is October, with an average of 9.7 days.
Snow alone is the most common for 2.5 months, from December 26 to March 13. The month with the most days of snow alone in Charlottetown is February, with an average of 3.8 days.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Charlottetown
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Charlottetown experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Charlottetown. The month with the most rain in Charlottetown is October, with an average rainfall of 3.4 inches.
The month with the least rain in Charlottetown is February, with an average rainfall of 1.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Charlottetown
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Charlottetown experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from November 7 to May 5, with a sliding 31-day snowfall of at least 1.0 inches. The month with the most snow in Charlottetown is February, with an average snowfall of 15.1 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.0 months, from May 5 to November 7. The least snow falls around August 3, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Snowfall in Charlottetown
The length of the day in Charlottetown varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2022, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 37 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Charlottetown
The earliest sunrise is at 5:20 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 39 minutes later at 7:59 AM on November 5. The earliest sunset is at 4:26 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 42 minutes later at 9:08 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Charlottetown during 2022, starting in the spring on March 13, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 6.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Charlottetown
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Charlottetown
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Charlottetown experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from June 22 to September 13, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The month with the most muggy days in Charlottetown is July, with 3.6 days that are muggy or worse.
The least muggy day of the year is March 12, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Charlottetown
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Charlottetown experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 6.5 months, from September 24 to April 10, with average wind speeds of more than 12.5 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Charlottetown is December, with an average hourly wind speed of 14.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 5.5 months, from April 10 to September 24. The calmest month of the year in Charlottetown is July, with an average hourly wind speed of 10.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Charlottetown
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Charlottetown varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the north for 3.9 weeks, from April 8 to May 5, with a peak percentage of 30% on April 29. The wind is most often from the south for 2.9 months, from May 5 to August 2, with a peak percentage of 41% on July 15. The wind is most often from the west for 8.2 months, from August 2 to April 8, with a peak percentage of 51% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Charlottetown
Charlottetown is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from July 5 to September 30, with an average temperature above 58°F. The month of the year in Charlottetown with the warmest water is August, with an average temperature of 65°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.0 months, from December 8 to May 9, with an average temperature below 37°F. The month of the year in Charlottetown with the coolest water is February, with an average temperature of 30°F.
Average Water Temperature in Charlottetown
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Charlottetown throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Charlottetown for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to early September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
Tourism Score in Charlottetown
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Charlottetown for hot-weather activities is from mid July to mid August, with a peak score in the first week of August.
Beach/Pool Score in Charlottetown
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Charlottetown typically lasts for 5.6 months (171 days), from around May 8 to around October 26, rarely starting before April 18 or after May 26, and rarely ending before October 9 or after November 12.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Charlottetown
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Charlottetown should appear around May 25, only rarely appearing before May 14 or after June 4.
Growing Degree Days in Charlottetown
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from May 12 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.5 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Charlottetown is June, with an average of 6.4 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from October 30 to February 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.2 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Charlottetown is December, with an average of 1.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Charlottetown
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Charlottetown are 46.239 deg latitude, -63.134 deg longitude, and 23 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Charlottetown contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 108 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 20 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (348 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,175 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Charlottetown is covered by water (41%), artificial surfaces (35%), and trees (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (45%) and water (28%), and within 50 miles by water (61%) and trees (25%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Charlottetown, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Charlottetown.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Charlottetown according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Charlottetown is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Charlottetown and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Charlottetown and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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