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Average Weather in Fomento Cuba

The climate in Fomento is warm, muggy, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 62°F to 89°F and is rarely below 55°F or above 93°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in FomentoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMcoolhotwarmcomfortable
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

In Fomento, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Fomento begins around November 8 and lasts for 6.2 months, ending around May 15. On February 25, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 83% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 17% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around May 15 and lasts for 5.8 months, ending around November 8. On June 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 75% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 25% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in FomentoclearerclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Feb 2583%Feb 2583%Jun 1625%Jun 1625%Nov 854%Nov 854%May 1554%May 1554%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Fomento varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.6 months, from May 7 to October 27, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on June 2.

The drier season lasts 6.4 months, from October 27 to May 7. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on December 25.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 34% on June 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in FomentowetdrydryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 234%Jun 234%Dec 255%Dec 255%May 720%May 720%Oct 2720%Oct 2720%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Fomento experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from January 12 to December 17, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 1, with an average total accumulation of 4.3 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.7 weeks, from December 17 to January 12. The least rain falls around January 1, with an average total accumulation of 0.4 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Fomento varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 47 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 29 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 6:25 AM on November 5, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 5 minutes later at 7:30 AM on March 12. The earliest sunset is at 5:34 PM on November 27, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 33 minutes later at 8:06 PM on July 4.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Fomento during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in FomentoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMNov 56:25 AMNov 56:25 AM8:06 PMJul 48:06 PMJul 4Nov 275:34 PMNov 275:34 PM7:30 AMMar 127:30 AMMar 12Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnight
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Fomento experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.1 months, from April 21 to December 25, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 48% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is September 9, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is March 11, with muggy conditions 30% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in FomentomuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 1130%Mar 1130%100%Sep 9100%Sep 9Apr 2148%Apr 2148%Dec 2548%Dec 2548%humidhumiddrydrymuggymuggyoppressiveoppressivecomfortablecomfortablemiserablemiserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Fomento experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from October 18 to May 17, with average wind speeds of more than 5.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 25, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.2 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.0 months, from May 17 to October 18. The calmest day of the year is September 18, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in FomentowindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph1 mph2 mph3 mph4 mph5 mph6 mph7 mph8 mph9 mphNov 256.2 mphNov 256.2 mphSep 184.4 mphSep 184.4 mphMay 175.3 mphMay 175.3 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Fomento is from the east throughout the year.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in FomentoJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%eastnorthsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Fomento is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.9 months, from June 23 to October 20, with an average temperature above 84°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 23, with an average temperature of 86°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.5 months, from December 20 to April 5, with an average temperature below 80°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is January 31, with an average temperature of 78°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.1 months, from March 13 to May 15, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is April 12, with an average of 7.0 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.7 months, from August 31 to January 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.9 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 4.4 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in FomentobrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhApr 127.0 kWhApr 127.0 kWhDec 224.4 kWhDec 224.4 kWhAug 314.9 kWhAug 314.9 kWhJan 234.9 kWhJan 234.9 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fomento are 22.105 deg latitude, -79.721 deg longitude, and 433 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Fomento contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 331 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 416 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,736 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,714 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Fomento is covered by cropland (63%), grassland (23%), and artificial surfaces (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (52%) and grassland (24%), and within 50 miles by cropland (40%) and water (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Fomento, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Fomento.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Fomento according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Fomento is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Fomento and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Abel Santamaría Airport (84%, 49 kilometers, northwest) and Jardines del Rey Airport (16%, 149 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.