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Average Weather in West Pensacola Florida, United States

In West Pensacola, the temperature typically varies from 44°F to 89°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 30°F or above 94°F.

The hot season lasts for 4.3 months, from May 21 to September 29, with an average daily high temperature above 83°F. The hottest day of the year is July 23, with an average high of 89°F and low of 76°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 2 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 67°F. The coldest day of the year is January 17, with an average low of 44°F and high of 61°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDeccoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhothot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Sun

The length of the day in West Pensacola varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 11 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 7 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:46 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 20 minutes later at 7:06 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:47 PM on December 2, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 7 minutes later at 7:55 PM on June 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in West Pensacola during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Clouds

In West Pensacola, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in West Pensacola begins around September 10 and lasts for 9.1 months, ending around June 13. On October 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 67% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 33% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around June 13 and lasts for 2.9 months, ending around September 10. On July 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 60% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time.

Cloud Cover

clearerclearerclearerclearercloudiercloudier0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJul 2160%Jul 2160%Oct 2733%Oct 2733%Sep 1046%Sep 1046%Jun 1347%Jun 1347%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in West Pensacola varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.8 months, from June 10 to September 3, with a greater than 41% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 61% on July 28.

The drier season lasts 9.2 months, from September 3 to June 10. The smallest chance of a wet day is 21% on October 15.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 61% on July 28.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. West Pensacola experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in West Pensacola. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 20, with an average total accumulation of 5.9 inches.

The least rain falls around October 25, with and average total accumulation of 3.6 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

West Pensacola experiences very significant seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 16 to October 26, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 27% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 23, with muggy conditions 98% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is January 30, with muggy conditions 3% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels

muggymuggy0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecJan 303%Jan 303%98%Jul 2398%Jul 23Apr 1628%Apr 1628%Oct 2627%Oct 2627%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggycomfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in West Pensacola experiences mildly seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from September 24 to May 8, with average wind speeds of more than 4.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.3 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.5 months, from May 8 to September 24. The calmest day of the year is August 9, with an average hourly wind speed of 3.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in West Pensacola varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the south for 4.3 months, from February 27 to July 5, with a peak percentage of 45% on May 21. The wind is most often from the east for 2.5 months, from August 22 to November 7, with a peak percentage of 41% on September 23. The wind is most often from the north for 3.7 months, from November 7 to February 27, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.

Wind Direction

NNSSWWEENN0%20%40%60%80%100%JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecwestwestsouthsoutheasteastnorthnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

West Pensacola is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.9 months, from June 6 to October 4, with an average temperature above 80°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 10, with an average temperature of 85°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.7 months, from December 16 to April 6, with an average temperature below 67°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 10, with an average temperature of 63°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line) with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from April 1 to June 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.9 kWh. The brightest day of the year is May 17, with an average of 6.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from November 15 to February 2, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.8 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 21, with an average of 3.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of West Pensacola are 30.427 deg latitude, -87.280 deg longitude, and 43 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of West Pensacola is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 89 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 49 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (154 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (328 feet).

The area within 2 miles of West Pensacola is covered by artificial surfaces (93%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (40%) and water (36%), and within 50 miles by water (49%) and trees (29%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in West Pensacola, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in West Pensacola.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and West Pensacola according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at West Pensacola is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between West Pensacola and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Pensacola, Naval Air Station (56%, 9 kilometers, southwest) and Pensacola International Airport (44%, 11 kilometers, northeast).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .