Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Longmen China
In Longmen, the summers are hot, oppressive, wet, and overcast and the winters are cool and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 45°F to 91°F and is rarely below 37°F or above 97°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Longmen for warm-weather activities is from late September to early November.
Climate in Longmen
Average Temperature in Longmen
The hot season lasts for 3.4 months, from June 10 to September 24, with an average daily high temperature above 85°F. The hottest day of the year is July 17, with an average high of 91°F and low of 76°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.3 months, from December 7 to March 16, with an average daily high temperature below 68°F. The coldest day of the year is January 23, with an average low of 45°F and high of 62°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Longmen
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Longmen
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Longmen, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Longmen begins around September 22 and lasts for 6.6 months, ending around April 9. On December 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 81% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 19% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around April 9 and lasts for 5.4 months, ending around September 22. On June 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 80% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 20% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Longmen
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Longmen varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.7 months, from February 26 to September 17, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 49% on June 10.
The drier season lasts 5.3 months, from September 17 to February 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 8% on October 25.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 49% on June 10.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Longmen
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Longmen experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Longmen. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 3, with an average total accumulation of 7.4 inches.
The least rain falls around December 27, with an average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Longmen
The length of the day in Longmen varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 35 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 41 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Longmen
The earliest sunrise is at 5:17 AM on June 8, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 37 minutes later at 6:54 AM on January 13. The earliest sunset is at 5:17 PM on November 29, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 44 minutes later at 7:01 PM on July 2.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Longmen during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Longmen
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Longmen
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Longmen experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 6.1 months, from April 16 to October 18, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 25% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 26, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 23, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Longmen
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Longmen experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from September 21 to January 29, with average wind speeds of more than 7.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is November 3, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.7 months, from January 29 to September 21. The calmest day of the year is August 24, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Longmen
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Longmen varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 2.2 months, from March 8 to May 14 and for 2.6 weeks, from September 1 to September 19, with a peak percentage of 41% on September 18. The wind is most often from the south for 3.6 months, from May 14 to September 1, with a peak percentage of 68% on July 2. The wind is most often from the north for 5.6 months, from September 19 to March 8, with a peak percentage of 66% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Longmen
Longmen is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.1 months, from June 6 to October 11, with an average temperature above 77°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 12, with an average temperature of 82°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.0 months, from December 21 to March 22, with an average temperature below 64°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 8, with an average temperature of 59°F.
Average Water Temperature in Longmen
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Longmen throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Longmen for general outdoor tourist activities is from late September to early November, with a peak score in the second week of October.
Tourism Score in Longmen
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Longmen for hot-weather activities is from early July to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
Beach/Pool Score in Longmen
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
While it does not do so every year, freezing temperatures are seen in Longmen over some winters. The day least likely to be in the growing season is January 12, with a 79% chance.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Longmen
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Longmen should appear around January 19, only rarely appearing before January 13 or after January 29.
Growing Degree Days in Longmen
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 1.5 months, from June 15 to July 31, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 9, with an average of 5.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 14 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 3.9 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Longmen
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Longmen are 24.960 deg latitude, 118.089 deg longitude, and 387 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Longmen contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,020 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 515 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,799 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,692 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Longmen is covered by grassland (33%), trees (23%), cropland (23%), and shrubs (11%), within 10 miles by trees (51%) and grassland (20%), and within 50 miles by trees (45%) and cropland (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Longmen, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Longmen.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Longmen according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Longmen is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Longmen and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport (ZSAM, 89%, 46 kilometers, south) and Fuzhou Changle International Airport (ZSFZ, 11%, 192 kilometers, northeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.