Average Weather in Pemalang Indonesia
The climate in Pemalang is hot, oppressive, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 75°F to 89°F and is rarely below 71°F or above 93°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Pemalang for hot-weather activities is from mid June to late September.
The temperature in Pemalang varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
Puerto Madero, Mexico (10,876 miles away); Manaus, Brazil (11,443 miles); and Belém, Brazil (10,817 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Pemalang (view comparison).
In Pemalang, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Pemalang begins around May 13 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around October 10. On August 10, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 42% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 58% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 10 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around May 13. On January 19, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 90% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 10% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Pemalang varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.1 months, from October 26 to April 30, with a greater than 46% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 79% on February 1.
The drier season lasts 5.9 months, from April 30 to October 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 13% on August 11.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 79% on February 1.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Pemalang experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Pemalang. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 28, with an average total accumulation of 12.4 inches.
The least rain falls around August 14, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in Pemalang does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 31 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2018, the shortest day is June 21, with 11 hours, 43 minutes of daylight; the longest day is December 22, with 12 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:14 AM on November 14, and the latest sunrise is 42 minutes later at 5:55 AM on July 17. The earliest sunset is at 5:32 PM on May 24, and the latest sunset is 36 minutes later at 6:08 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Pemalang during 2018.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Pemalang, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0% of 100% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Pemalang experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from December 13 to March 4, with average wind speeds of more than 6.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.3 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 9.3 months, from March 4 to December 13. The calmest day of the year is April 14, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Pemalang varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 2.3 months, from April 9 to June 19, with a peak percentage of 53% on May 30. The wind is most often from the south for 5.9 months, from June 19 to December 15, with a peak percentage of 71% on September 14. The wind is most often from the west for 3.1 months, from December 15 to March 19, with a peak percentage of 53% on January 1.
Pemalang is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.The average water temperature does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 1°F of 84°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Pemalang throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pemalang for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid July to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Pemalang for hot-weather activities is from mid June to late September, with a peak score in the second week of August.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Pemalang are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.0 months, from August 11 to October 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.1 kWh. The brightest day of the year is September 15, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 5.6 months, from November 20 to May 9, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.7 kWh. The darkest day of the year is January 12, with an average of 4.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Pemalang are -6.900 deg latitude, 109.367 deg longitude, and 33 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Pemalang is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 59 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 30 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (925 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (11,240 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Pemalang is covered by cropland (58%), trees (19%), and artificial surfaces (13%), within 10 miles by water (35%) and cropland (32%), and within 50 miles by water (51%) and trees (24%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Pemalang, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Pemalang.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Pemalang according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Pemalang is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Pemalang and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.