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Average Weather in Türkmenbaşy Turkmenistan

In Türkmenbaşy, the summers are hot, arid, and clear and the winters are long, very cold, dry, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 34°F to 94°F and is rarely below 25°F or above 101°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Türkmenbaşy for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid September.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhotwarmcoolcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNowNow97%97%53%53%clearovercastprecipitation: 0.5 inprecipitation: 0.5 in0.1 in0.1 inmuggy: 23%muggy: 23%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.8beach/pool score: 8.80.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.3 months, from June 5 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 84°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 94°F and low of 75°F.

The cool season lasts for 4.0 months, from November 21 to March 19, with an average daily high temperature below 55°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 34°F and high of 46°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature in TürkmenbaşyhotcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°FFeb 346°FFeb 346°FAug 494°FAug 494°F34°F34°F75°F75°FJun 584°FJun 584°FSep 1584°FSep 1584°FNov 2155°FNov 2155°FMar 1955°FMar 1955°F65°F65°F65°F65°F42°F42°F41°F41°FNowNow
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in TürkmenbaşyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotcomfortablecoldvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Baltimore, Maryland, United States (6,107 miles away); Changshu City, China (3,754 miles); and Kyoto, Japan (4,386 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Türkmenbaşy (view comparison).

Clouds

In Türkmenbaşy, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Türkmenbaşy begins around May 22 and lasts for 4.7 months, ending around October 13. On July 31, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 97% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 3% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 13 and lasts for 7.3 months, ending around May 22. On January 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 47% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 53% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in TürkmenbaşyclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Jul 3197%Jul 3197%Jan 1853%Jan 1853%May 2274%May 2274%Oct 1376%Oct 1376%NowNowclearovercastmostly clearmostly cloudypartly cloudy
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

Türkmenbaşy does not experience significant seasonal variation in the frequency of wet days (i.e., those with greater than 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation). The frequency ranges from 1% to 10%, with an average value of 6%.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 10% on November 10.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in TürkmenbaşyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Nov 1010%Nov 1010%Jun 81%Jun 81%Jan 16%Jan 16%Oct 16%Oct 16%NowNowrain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Türkmenbaşy experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

Rain falls throughout the year in Türkmenbaşy. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 10, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The least rain falls around June 17, with an average total accumulation of 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in TürkmenbaşyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 inNov 100.5 inNov 100.5 inJun 170.1 inJun 170.1 inApr 180.4 inApr 180.4 inJan 190.2 inJan 190.2 inNowNow
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Türkmenbaşy varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 20 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 1 minute of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in TürkmenbaşyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 8 minMar 2012 hr, 8 minMar 2015 hr, 1 minJun 2115 hr, 1 minJun 2112 hr, 10 minSep 2312 hr, 10 minSep 239 hr, 20 minDec 219 hr, 20 minDec 21nightnightdayNowNow
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:58 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 52 minutes later at 8:50 AM on January 4. The earliest sunset is at 6:02 PM on December 8, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 59 minutes later at 9:01 PM on June 27.

Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Türkmenbaşy during 2021.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in TürkmenbaşyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 145:58 AMJun 145:58 AM9:01 PMJun 279:01 PMJun 27Dec 86:02 PMDec 86:02 PM8:50 AMJan 48:50 AMJan 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunsetNowNow
The solar day over the course of the year 2021. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Moon

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases

The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Türkmenbaşy experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 2.8 months, from June 12 to September 6, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 6% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 21, with muggy conditions 23% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is March 2, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in TürkmenbaşymuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%Mar 20%Mar 20%Jul 2123%Jul 2123%Jun 126%Jun 126%Sep 66%Sep 66%NowNowmuggymuggydrydrycomfortablecomfortable
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Türkmenbaşy experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 7.8 months, from July 31 to March 24, with average wind speeds of more than 10.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is December 5, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.1 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 4.2 months, from March 24 to July 31. The calmest day of the year is May 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in TürkmenbaşywindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph14 mph14 mph16 mph16 mph18 mph18 mphDec 512.1 mphDec 512.1 mphMay 129.2 mphMay 129.2 mphJul 3110.7 mphJul 3110.7 mphMar 2410.7 mphMar 2410.7 mphNowNow
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Türkmenbaşy varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 4.4 months, from April 10 to August 23, with a peak percentage of 52% on July 2. The wind is most often from the east for 7.6 months, from August 23 to April 10, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in TürkmenbaşyENEJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%NowNowwestsoutheastnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Türkmenbaşy is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.7 months, from June 30 to September 22, with an average temperature above 73°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 8, with an average temperature of 80°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from December 19 to April 18, with an average temperature below 54°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 21, with an average temperature of 48°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature in TürkmenbaşywarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°FAug 880°FAug 880°F48°FFeb 2148°FFeb 21Jun 3073°FJun 3073°FSep 2273°FSep 2273°FDec 1954°FDec 1954°FApr 1854°FApr 1854°FNowNow
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Türkmenbaşy throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Türkmenbaşy for general outdoor tourist activities are from mid May to late June and from early September to early October, with a peak score in the third week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in TürkmenbaşyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.58.50.20.28.18.15.95.9NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature tourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Türkmenbaşy for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the second week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Türkmenbaşybest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.88.80.00.08.88.8NowNowprecipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature beach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Türkmenbaşy typically lasts for 9.1 months (278 days), from around March 4 to around December 8, rarely starting before February 3 or after March 31, and rarely ending before November 6 or after January 5.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Türkmenbaşygrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 450%Mar 450%Dec 850%Dec 890%Mar 3190%Mar 3190%Nov 690%Nov 610%Feb 310%Feb 310%Jan 510%Jan 5Jul 18100%Jul 18100%NowNowvery coldcoldwarmhotcoolfreezingsweltering
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Türkmenbaşy should appear around March 31, only rarely appearing before March 15 or after April 12.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days in TürkmenbaşyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F0°F1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°FMar 3177°FMar 3177°FJun 1900°FJun 1900°FJul 41,800°FJul 41,800°FDec 314,842°FDec 314,842°FNowNow
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from May 7 to August 20, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.6 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 17, with an average of 7.8 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 1 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 1.9 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in TürkmenbaşybrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhJun 177.8 kWhJun 177.8 kWhDec 241.9 kWhDec 241.9 kWhMay 76.6 kWhMay 76.6 kWhAug 206.6 kWhAug 206.6 kWhNov 13.1 kWhNov 13.1 kWhFeb 133.1 kWhFeb 133.1 kWhNowNow
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Türkmenbaşy are 40.022 deg latitude, 52.955 deg longitude, and 16 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Türkmenbaşy contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 778 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 140 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (965 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,171 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Türkmenbaşy is covered by bare soil (94%), within 10 miles by bare soil (66%) and water (34%), and within 50 miles by water (59%) and bare soil (41%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Türkmenbaşy, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Turkmenbashi Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Türkmenbaşy.

At a distance of 6 kilometers from Türkmenbaşy, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Türkmenbaşy according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.