Average Weather in November in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
Daily high temperatures increase by 2°F, from 81°F to 84°F, rarely falling below 74°F or exceeding 92°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 2°F, from 71°F to 73°F, rarely falling below 66°F or exceeding 77°F.
For reference, on February 12, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Rio de Janeiro typically range from 76°F to 88°F, while on July 22, the coldest day of the year, they range from 65°F to 77°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in November
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on November. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in November
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of November in Rio de Janeiro experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 55% to 63%.
The clearest day of the month is November 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 45% of the time.
For reference, on January 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 71%, while on August 28, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 74%.
Cloud Cover Categories in November
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Rio de Janeiro, the chance of a wet day over the course of November is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 43% and ending it at 54%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 64% on December 22, and its lowest chance is 16% on June 21.
Probability of Precipitation in November
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during November in Rio de Janeiro is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 4.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 8.4 inches or falls below 2.2 inches, and ending the month at 6.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 10.0 inches or falls below 3.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in November
Over the course of November in Rio de Janeiro, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 28 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 57 seconds, and weekly increase of 6 minutes, 39 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is November 1, with 12 hours, 58 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 30, with 13 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November
The latest sunrise of the month in Rio de Janeiro is 5:07 AM on November 1 and the earliest sunrise is 9 minutes earlier at 4:58 AM on November 28.
The earliest sunset is 6:05 PM on November 1 and the latest sunset is 19 minutes later at 6:24 PM on November 30.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Rio de Janeiro during 2021.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:04 AM and sets 13 hours, 33 minutes later, at 6:37 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:32 AM and sets 10 hours, 44 minutes later, at 5:16 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in November
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for November 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in November
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Rio de Janeiro is rapidly increasing during November, rising from 76% to 88% over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 7, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 99% of the time, while on July 22, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 31% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in November
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Rio de Janeiro is gradually decreasing during November, decreasing from 7.8 miles per hour to 7.2 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on September 15, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.4 miles per hour, while on March 17, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in November
The hourly average wind direction in Rio de Janeiro throughout November is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 42% on November 3.
Wind Direction in November
Rio de Janeiro is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Rio de Janeiro is essentially constant during November, remaining within 1°F of 73°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in November
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Rio de Janeiro are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in November
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Rio de Janeiro are rapidly increasing during November, increasing by 765°F, from 2,727°F to 3,492°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in November
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Rio de Janeiro is essentially constant during November, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 6.4 kWh throughout.
The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during November is 6.5 kWh on November 24.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rio de Janeiro are -22.903 deg latitude, -43.208 deg longitude, and 16 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rio de Janeiro contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 640 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 69 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,264 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (7,552 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rio de Janeiro is covered by artificial surfaces (57%), water (23%), and sparse vegetation (14%), within 10 miles by water (49%) and artificial surfaces (26%), and within 50 miles by water (56%) and trees (23%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rio de Janeiro, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rio de Janeiro.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rio de Janeiro according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rio de Janeiro is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rio de Janeiro and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Santos Dumont Airport (72%, 4.6 kilometers, east); Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport (19%, 11 kilometers, north); and Base Aérea do Campo dos Afonsos (9%, 18 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.