Average Weather in December in Curitiba Brazil
In Curitiba, the month of December is characterized by gradually rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 2°F, from 78°F to 80°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 87°F or dropping below 69°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 2°F, from 61°F to 63°F, rarely falling below 55°F or exceeding 68°F.
For reference, on February 13, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Curitiba typically range from 64°F to 81°F, while on July 28, the coldest day of the year, they range from 48°F to 68°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Curitiba experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 51% to 57%.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 49% of the time.
For reference, on February 9, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 64%, while on April 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 60%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Curitiba, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 50% and ending it at 61%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 70% on February 7, and its lowest chance is 22% on August 14.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Curitiba is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 5.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 8.1 inches or falls below 2.6 inches, and ending the month at 7.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 12.2 inches or falls below 3.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in Curitiba, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 1, with 13 hours, 36 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 21, with 13 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Curitiba is 6:18 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 11 minutes later at 6:29 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 7:54 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 17 minutes later at 8:11 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Curitiba during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:23 AM and sets 13 hours, 44 minutes later, at 8:07 PM, while on June 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:02 AM and sets 10 hours, 33 minutes later, at 5:35 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Curitiba is rapidly increasing during December, rising from 17% to 32% over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 9, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 44% of the time, while on June 28, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Curitiba is essentially constant during December, remaining around 2.2 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on October 30, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.3 miles per hour, while on May 6, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 1.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Curitiba is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Curitiba is gradually increasing during December, rising by 3°F, from 75°F to 78°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Curitiba is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 6.7 kWh throughout.
The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 6.8 kWh on December 5.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Curitiba are -25.428 deg latitude, -49.273 deg longitude, and 3,022 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Curitiba contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 308 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,024 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (827 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,043 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Curitiba is covered by artificial surfaces (67%) and shrubs (25%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (28%) and shrubs (27%), and within 50 miles by trees (72%) and cropland (12%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Curitiba year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Curitiba Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Curitiba.
At a distance of 15 kilometers from Curitiba, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Curitiba according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.