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Average Weather in January in Basseterre St. Kitts & Nevis

In Basseterre, the month of January is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 82°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 84°F or dropping below 80°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 82°F on January 25.

Daily low temperatures are around 75°F, rarely falling below 73°F or exceeding 78°F.

For reference, on August 25, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Basseterre typically range from 80°F to 88°F, while on February 12, the coldest day of the year, they range from 75°F to 82°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in January

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in January

Average Hourly Temperature in January in Basseterre12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AM181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930303131DecDecFebFebwarmwarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

The month of January in Basseterre experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 22% throughout the month. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 20% on January 13.

The clearest day of the month is January 13, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 80% of the time.

For reference, on May 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 68%, while on January 13, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 80%.

Cloud Cover in January

Cloud Cover in January in Basseterre0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930303131DecDecFebFebJan 1320%Jan 1320%Jan 123%Jan 123%Jan 3122%Jan 3122%Jan 2122%Jan 2122%overcastovercastmostly cloudymostly cloudymostly clearmostly clearclearclear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Basseterre, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 10% and ending it at 6%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 29% on September 7, and its lowest chance is 5% on January 28.

Probability of Precipitation in January

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Basseterre is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 0.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.3 inches, and ending the month at 0.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.0 inches.

The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.3 inches on January 28.

Average Monthly Rainfall in January

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of January in Basseterre, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 16 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 32 seconds, and weekly increase of 3 minutes, 42 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 11 hours, 7 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 11 hours, 23 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Basseterre is 6:41 AM on January 1 and the latest sunrise is 3 minutes later at 6:44 AM on January 19.

The earliest sunset is 5:48 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 18 minutes later at 6:06 PM on January 31.

Daylight saving time is not observed in Basseterre during 2017.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:37 AM and sets 13 hours, 10 minutes later, at 6:47 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:36 AM and sets 11 hours, 6 minutes later, at 5:42 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January

The solar day over the course of January. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Basseterre is essentially constant during January, remaining within 1% of 95% throughout.

For reference, on May 19, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on March 6, the leasy muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 90% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in January

Humidity Comfort Levels in January in Basseterre0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930303131DecDecFebFebJan 196%Jan 196%Jan 3194%Jan 3194%Jan 1196%Jan 1196%Jan 2195%Jan 2195%miserablemiserableoppressiveoppressivemuggymuggycomfortablecomfortable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Basseterre is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 8.7 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on July 11, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.1 miles per hour, while on October 10, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.7 miles per hour.

The highest daily average wind speed during January is 8.8 miles per hour on January 12.

Average Wind Speed in January

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in Basseterre throughout January is predominantly from the calm, with a peak proportion of 94% on January 14.

Wind Direction in January

Wind Direction in January in Basseterre0%20%40%60%80%100%181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930303131DecDecFebFebeasteastnorthnorthsouthsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Basseterre is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Basseterre is essentially constant during January, remaining within 1°F of 80°F throughout.

Average Water Temperature in January

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Basseterre is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 5.1 kWh to 5.7 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Basseterre are 17.295 deg latitude, -62.726 deg longitude, and 16 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Basseterre contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,135 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 153 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,445 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (3,471 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Basseterre is covered by water (36%), grassland (21%), cropland (17%), and trees (16%), within 10 miles by water (84%), and within 50 miles by water (99%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Basseterre year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Basseterre.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Basseterre according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Basseterre is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Basseterre and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Princess Juliana International Airport (53%, 93 kilometers, northwest) and V. C. Bird International Airport (47%, 101 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.