Average Weather in South Padre Island Texas, United States
In South Padre Island, the summers are long, hot, and oppressive; the winters are short, cool, and dry; and it is windy and partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 56°F to 90°F and is rarely below 44°F or above 93°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from June 1 to September 28, with an average daily high temperature above 86°F. The hottest day of the year is August 4, with an average high of 90°F and low of 79°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.0 months, from December 5 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 73°F. The coldest day of the year is January 5, with an average low of 56°F and high of 68°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In South Padre Island, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in South Padre Island begins around February 13 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around June 27. On June 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 75% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 25% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around June 27 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around February 13. On August 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 60% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 40% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in South Padre Island varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.1 months, from August 21 to October 23, with a greater than 24% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on September 14.
The drier season lasts 9.9 months, from October 23 to August 21. The smallest chance of a wet day is 9% on February 21.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 39% on September 14.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. South Padre Island experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in South Padre Island. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 18, with an average total accumulation of 4.1 inches.
The least rain falls around December 17, with an average total accumulation of 0.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The length of the day in South Padre Island varies over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 30 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 6:35 AM on June 9, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 5 minutes later at 7:40 AM on March 12. The earliest sunset is at 5:36 PM on November 29, and the latest sunset is 2 hours, 48 minutes later at 8:24 PM on July 1.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in South Padre Island during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
South Padre Island experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from March 12 to December 1, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 40% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 14, with muggy conditions 100% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is January 24, with muggy conditions 20% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in South Padre Island experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 9.5 months, from October 13 to July 27, with average wind speeds of more than 6.5 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 26, with an average hourly wind speed of 7.4 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 2.5 months, from July 27 to October 13. The calmest day of the year is September 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in South Padre Island varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 7.7 months, from January 8 to August 29 and for 2.4 months, from October 17 to December 29, with a peak percentage of 73% on July 17. The wind is most often from the east for 1.6 months, from August 29 to October 17, with a peak percentage of 50% on September 8. The wind is most often from the north for 1.4 weeks, from December 29 to January 8, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.
South Padre Island is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 4.4 months, from June 5 to October 17, with an average temperature above 80°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 5, with an average temperature of 84°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.3 months, from December 27 to April 6, with an average temperature below 70°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 19, with an average temperature of 67°F.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.7 months, from April 10 to July 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.2 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 3, with an average of 7.0 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 15 to February 3, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 31, with an average of 3.3 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of South Padre Island are 26.104 deg latitude, -97.165 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of South Padre Island is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 10 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (30 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (131 feet).
The area within 2 miles of South Padre Island is covered by water (84%) and bare soil (10%), within 10 miles by water (77%) and bare soil (17%), and within 50 miles by water (61%) and cropland (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in South Padre Island, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in South Padre Island.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and South Padre Island according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at South Padre Island is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between South Padre Island and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Port Isabel, Port Isabel-Cameron County Airport (69%, 19 kilometers, west) and Brownsville-South Padre Island International Airport (31%, 33 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.