Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Jal New Mexico, United States
In Jal, the summers are long and hot; the winters are short, cold, dry, and windy; and it is mostly clear year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 96°F and is rarely below 21°F or above 104°F.
Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Jal for hot-weather activities is from early June to late August.
Climate in Jal
Average Temperature in Jal
The hot season lasts for 4.0 months, from May 14 to September 14, with an average daily high temperature above 88°F. The hottest day of the year is July 1, with an average high of 96°F and low of 70°F.
The cold season lasts for 2.8 months, from November 23 to February 17, with an average daily high temperature below 65°F. The coldest day of the year is December 31, with an average low of 31°F and high of 58°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Jal
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Jal
In Jal, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Jal begins around April 17 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around July 15. On June 10, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 80% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 20% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around July 15 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around April 17. On February 24, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 38% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 62% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Jal
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Jal varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 4.8 months, from May 12 to October 6, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 24% on September 6.
The drier season lasts 7.2 months, from October 6 to May 12. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on November 21.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 24% on September 6.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Jal
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Jal experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from April 11 to November 14, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around September 15, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from November 14 to April 11. The least rain falls around January 15, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Jal
The length of the day in Jal varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 3 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 14 hours, 15 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Jal
The earliest sunrise is at 5:45 AM on June 11, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 28 minutes later at 7:14 AM on November 6. The earliest sunset is at 4:47 PM on December 3, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 15 minutes later at 8:03 PM on June 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Jal during 2021, starting in the spring on March 14, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 7.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Jal
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Jal
Jal experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from June 1 to October 3, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 3% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 4, with muggy conditions 13% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 13, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Jal
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Jal experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from February 16 to July 10, with average wind speeds of more than 10.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 10, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.7 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 7.2 months, from July 10 to February 16. The calmest day of the year is September 16, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Jal
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Jal varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the south for 6.2 months, from May 5 to November 11, with a peak percentage of 71% on July 22. The wind is most often from the west for 5.8 months, from November 11 to May 5, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Jal
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Jal throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Jal for general outdoor tourist activities is from late April to early October, with a peak score in the first week of June.
Tourism Score in Jal
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Jal for hot-weather activities is from early June to late August, with a peak score in the first week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in Jal
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Jal typically lasts for 7.5 months (230 days), from around March 26 to around November 12, rarely starting before March 6 or after April 17, and rarely ending before October 23 or after December 1.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Jal
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Jal should appear around February 1, only rarely appearing before January 23 or after February 14.
Growing Degree Days in Jal
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.0 months, from April 10 to August 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.0 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 11, with an average of 7.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.9 months, from November 6 to February 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.3 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 3.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Jal
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Jal are 32.113 deg latitude, -103.194 deg longitude, and 3,068 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Jal contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 200 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,063 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (538 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,608 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Jal is covered by shrubs (98%), within 10 miles by shrubs (88%) and grassland (12%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (70%) and grassland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Jal, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Jal.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Jal according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Jal is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Jal and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Winkler County Airport (KINK, 43%, 37 kilometers, south); Hobbs Airport (KHOB, 19%, 65 kilometers, north); Odessa, Odessa-Schlemeyer Field (KODO, 14%, 79 kilometers, east); Gaines County Airport (KGNC, 14%, 81 kilometers, northeast); and Cavern City Air Terminal (KCNM, 10%, 103 kilometers, west).
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .