Average Weather in Prudhoe Bay Alaska, United States
In Prudhoe Bay, the summers are cold; the winters are long, frigid, and windy; and it is dry and overcast year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -21°F to 54°F and is rarely below -40°F or above 67°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Prudhoe Bay for warm-weather activities is from early July to early August.
The warm season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 9 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 41°F. The hottest day of the year is July 28, with an average high of 54°F and low of 41°F.
The cold season lasts for 4.6 months, from November 19 to April 7, with an average daily high temperature below 4°F. The coldest day of the year is February 9, with an average low of -21°F and high of -9°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
Terskol, Russia (4,580 miles away); Tosontsengel, Mongolia (3,578 miles); and McMurdo Station, Antarctica (10,406 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Prudhoe Bay (view comparison).
In Prudhoe Bay, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Prudhoe Bay begins around May 1 and lasts for 5.5 months, ending around October 17. On June 27, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 35% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 65% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 17 and lasts for 6.5 months, ending around May 1. On January 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 90% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 10% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Prudhoe Bay varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 3.1 months, from June 23 to September 27, with a greater than 12% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 22% on August 17.
The drier season lasts 8.9 months, from September 27 to June 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 2% on March 24.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Prudhoe Bay changes throughout the year.
Snow alone is the most common for 7.9 months, from September 26 to May 24. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 5% on October 5.
Rain alone is the most common for 4.1 months, from May 24 to September 26. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 22% on August 12.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Prudhoe Bay experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 13 to September 18, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around August 10, with an average total accumulation of 1.2 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 8.9 months, from September 18 to June 13. The least rain falls around March 21, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
The sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent quantity of snowfall in Prudhoe Bay does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 0.1 inches of 0.1 inches throughout.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
Due to its extreme latitude, Prudhoe Bay experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer and polar night during the winter. These are periods of time in which the sun is continuously above or below the horizon for more than one day. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.
In the summer in Prudhoe Bay during 2017, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 2.4 months, rising at 2:21 AM on May 14, and not setting again until 1:51 AM on July 28.
In the winter in Prudhoe Bay during 2017, the Sun is continuously below the horizon for 1.8 months, setting at 12:55 PM on November 23, and not rising again until 12:57 PM on January 17.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Prudhoe Bay during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Prudhoe Bay, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Prudhoe Bay experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.9 months, from September 17 to May 14, with average wind speeds of more than 11.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 14 to September 17. The calmest day of the year is July 29, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Prudhoe Bay is from the east throughout the year.
Prudhoe Bay is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 1.7 months, from July 22 to September 11, with an average temperature above 34°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 17, with an average temperature of 36°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 7.5 months, from October 22 to June 8, with an average temperature below 30°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 9, with an average temperature of 29°F.
Average Water Temperature
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Prudhoe Bay throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Prudhoe Bay for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Prudhoe Bay for hot-weather activities is from mid to late July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Prudhoe Bay typically lasts for 1.7 months (51 days), from around June 28 to around August 18, rarely starting before June 7, or ending after September 8.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 2.5 months, from May 6 to July 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 14, with an average of 5.9 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 5.5 months, from September 28 to March 12, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is January 1, with an average of 0.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Prudhoe Bay are 70.255 deg latitude, -148.337 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Prudhoe Bay is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 59 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 39 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (82 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (965 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Prudhoe Bay is covered by sparse vegetation (56%), herbaceous vegetation (21%), and water (13%), within 10 miles by sparse vegetation (31%) and water (28%), and within 50 miles by water (45%) and grassland (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Prudhoe Bay, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Prudhoe Bay.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Prudhoe Bay according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Prudhoe Bay is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Prudhoe Bay and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.