Average Weather in Cali Colombia
In Cali, the temperature typically varies from 66°F to 85°F over the course of the year, and is rarely below 64°F or above 89°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
The length of the day in Cali does not vary substantially over the course of the year, staying within 19 minutes of 12 hours throughout. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 11 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 12 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:49 AM on October 27, and the latest sunrise is 31 minutes later at 6:20 AM on February 5. The earliest sunset is at 5:49 PM on November 7, and the latest sunset is 32 minutes later at 6:21 PM on July 19.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Cali during 2017.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight
In Cali, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Cali begins around June 10 and lasts for 3.2 months, ending around September 16. On July 22, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 27% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 73% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 16 and lasts for 8.8 months, ending around June 10. On May 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 90% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 10% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Cali varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.9 months, from September 26 to May 24, with a greater than 33% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 47% on October 21.
The drier season lasts 4.1 months, from May 24 to September 26. The smallest chance of a wet day is 18% on July 25.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 47% on October 21.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day in the year. Cali experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Cali. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 8, with an average total accumulation of 4.1 inches.
The least rain falls around July 31, with and average total accumulation of 1.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Cali experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 10.0 months, from September 20 to July 19, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 81% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is May 7, with muggy conditions 96% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is August 25, with muggy conditions 77% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in Cali does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.4 miles per hour of 1.8 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Cali varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 3.5 months, from May 23 to September 7, with a peak percentage of 70% on July 10. The wind is most often from the west for 8.5 months, from September 7 to May 23, with a peak percentage of 83% on November 11.
Cali is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.The average water temperature does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 1°F of 81°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.The average daily incident shortwave solar energy per square meter does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.5 kilowatt-hours of 4.7 kilowatt-hours throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cali are 3.437 deg latitude, -76.522 deg longitude, and 3,166 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Cali contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 607 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 3,191 feet. Within 10 miles contains extreme variations in elevation (6,608 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (17,684 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Cali is covered by grassland (60%), trees (21%), and sparse vegetation (12%), within 10 miles by grassland (33%) and trees (21%), and within 50 miles by trees (45%) and grassland (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Cali, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Cali / Alfonso Bonillaaragon, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Cali.
At a distance of 20 kilometers from Cali, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Cali according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .