Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Volcano Hawaii, United States
The climate in Volcano is comfortable, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 52°F to 77°F and is rarely below 48°F or above 79°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Volcano for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid September.
Climate in Volcano
Average Temperature in Volcano
The temperature in Volcano varies so little throughout the year that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss hot and cold seasons.
Average High and Low Temperature in Volcano
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Volcano
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Volcano, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Volcano begins around May 14 and lasts for 4.2 months, ending around September 20. On August 8, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 76% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 24% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around September 20 and lasts for 7.8 months, ending around May 14. On October 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 49% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 51% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Volcano
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Volcano varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 7.8 months, from November 29 to July 21, with a greater than 29% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on March 27.
The drier season lasts 4.2 months, from July 21 to November 29. The smallest chance of a wet day is 23% on August 31.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 34% on March 27.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Volcano
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Volcano experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Volcano. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around April 8, with an average total accumulation of 7.2 inches.
The least rain falls around June 6, with an average total accumulation of 2.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Volcano
The length of the day in Volcano varies over the course of the year. In 2021, the shortest day is December 21, with 10 hours, 58 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 20, with 13 hours, 18 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Volcano
The earliest sunrise is at 5:41 AM on June 5, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 16 minutes later at 6:57 AM on January 17. The earliest sunset is at 5:40 PM on November 25, and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 23 minutes later at 7:03 PM on July 4.
Daylight saving time (DST) is not observed in Volcano during 2021.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in Volcano
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Volcano
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
Volcano experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from June 23 to November 25, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 7% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is August 13, with muggy conditions 26% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is February 15, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Volcano
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Volcano experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 1.9 months, from March 8 to May 4, with average wind speeds of more than 10.0 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 7, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.0 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 10 months, from May 4 to March 8. The calmest day of the year is January 12, with an average hourly wind speed of 9.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Volcano
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Volcano is from the east throughout the year.
Wind Direction in Volcano
Volcano is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.2 months, from July 30 to November 6, with an average temperature above 79°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is September 12, with an average temperature of 80°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from January 6 to May 8, with an average temperature below 77°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is February 20, with an average temperature of 76°F.
Average Water Temperature in Volcano
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Volcano throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Volcano for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid September, with a peak score in the last week of July.
Tourism Score in Volcano
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Volcano for hot-weather activities is from early July to early September, with a peak score in the last week of July.
Beach/Pool Score in Volcano
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Volcano are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Volcano
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Volcano
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.5 months, from April 20 to September 4, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 26, with an average of 7.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 2.6 months, from November 6 to January 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 5.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 17, with an average of 4.5 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Volcano
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Volcano are 19.443 deg latitude, -155.234 deg longitude, and 3,743 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Volcano contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 837 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,718 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,682 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,816 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Volcano is covered by trees (78%) and artificial surfaces (12%), within 10 miles by trees (49%) and shrubs (23%), and within 50 miles by water (54%) and shrubs (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Volcano, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Volcano.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Volcano according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Volcano is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Volcano and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.