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Average Weather at Chandalar Lake Airport Alaska, United States

At Chandalar Lake Airport, the summers are cool and mostly cloudy and the winters are long, frigid, snowy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from -19°F to 64°F and is rarely below -40°F or above 73°F.

Climate Summary

frigidfreezingcoldcoolcoldfrigidJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec46%46%33%33%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.4 inprecipitation: 2.4 in0.3 in0.3 inmuggy: 0%muggy: 0%0%0%drydrytourism score: 3.1tourism score: 3.10.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Chandalar Lake Airport for warm-weather activities is from late June to mid July.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.3 months, from May 23 to September 1, with an average daily high temperature above 51°F. The hottest day of the year is July 7, with an average high of 64°F and low of 49°F.

The cold season lasts for 4.3 months, from November 3 to March 12, with an average daily high temperature below 9°F. The coldest day of the year is January 20, with an average low of -19°F and high of -4°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Chandalar Lake AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidcoldcoolfreezingcoolvery coldfreezingvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Kogalym, Russia (3,221 miles away) and Tosontsengel, Mongolia (3,699 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Chandalar Lake Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Chandalar Lake Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Chandalar Lake Airport begins around January 1 and lasts for 3.0 months, ending around April 2. On March 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around April 2 and lasts for 9.0 months, ending around January 1. On September 27, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 67% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 33% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Chandalar Lake AirportclearercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Mar 446%Mar 446%Sep 2733%Sep 2733%Jan 139%Jan 139%Apr 239%Apr 239%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Chandalar Lake Airport varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 4.7 months, from May 17 to October 6, with a greater than 20% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 34% on July 16.

The drier season lasts 7.3 months, from October 6 to May 17. The smallest chance of a wet day is 6% on March 19.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Chandalar Lake Airport changes throughout the year.

Snow alone is the most common for 7.0 months, from September 28 to April 29. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 13% on October 15.

Rain alone is the most common for 5.0 months, from April 29 to September 28. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 34% on July 16.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Chandalar Lake AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jul 1634%Jul 1634%Mar 196%Mar 196%Apr 2912%Apr 2912%Sep 2823%Sep 2823%Jan 110%Jan 110%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Chandalar Lake Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from May 3 to October 6, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around July 12, with an average total accumulation of 2.4 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from October 6 to May 3. The least rain falls around December 27, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Chandalar Lake Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 8.8 months, from August 29 to May 22, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around October 11, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.6 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 3.2 months, from May 22 to August 29. The least snow falls around July 16, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

Due to its extreme latitude, Chandalar Lake Airport experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer and polar night during the winter. These are periods of time in which the sun is continuously above or below the horizon for more than one day. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.

In the summer at Chandalar Lake Airport during 2017, the Sun is continuously above the horizon for 1.5 months, rising at 2:17 AM on May 28, and not setting again until 1:47 AM on July 14.

In the winter at Chandalar Lake Airport during 2017, the Sun is continuously below the horizon for 1.6 weeks, setting at 12:56 PM on December 15, and not rising again until 12:54 PM on December 26.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Chandalar Lake Airportpolar dayJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 13 minMar 2012 hr, 13 minMar 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2024 hr, 0 minJun 2012 hr, 17 minSep 2212 hr, 17 minSep 220 minDec 210 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Chandalar Lake Airport during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Chandalar Lake AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AM2 AMMay 282:17 AMMay 282:17 AM1:47 AMJul 131:47 AMJul 1312:56 PMDec 1512:56 PMDec 15Mar 12DSTMar 12DSTDSTNov 5DSTNov 5daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2017. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level at Chandalar Lake Airport, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Chandalar Lake AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jan 120%Jan 120%Jul 60%Jul 60%drydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Chandalar Lake Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from October 27 to April 10, with average wind speeds of more than 7.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is January 13, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.6 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.5 months, from April 10 to October 27. The calmest day of the year is August 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 5.9 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Chandalar Lake AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mphJan 138.6 mphJan 138.6 mphAug 315.9 mphAug 315.9 mphOct 277.2 mphOct 277.2 mphApr 107.2 mphApr 107.2 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Chandalar Lake Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 3.1 months, from March 9 to June 11 and for 1.2 months, from September 1 to October 6, with a peak percentage of 50% on April 5. The wind is most often from the west for 2.7 months, from June 11 to September 1, with a peak percentage of 47% on July 29. The wind is most often from the north for 5.1 months, from October 6 to March 9, with a peak percentage of 49% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Chandalar Lake AirportNEWENJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westnortheastsouth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Chandalar Lake Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Chandalar Lake Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from late June to mid July, with a peak score in the first week of July.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Chandalar Lake AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.13.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperature
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Chandalar Lake Airport for hot-weather activities is from late June to mid July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Chandalar Lake AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468100.20.20.00.0precipitationprecipitationcloudsclouds
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Chandalar Lake Airport typically lasts for 2.7 months (84 days), from around May 27 to around August 19, rarely starting before May 10 or after June 13, and rarely ending before August 2 or after September 5.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Chandalar Lake AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2750%May 2750%Aug 1950%Aug 1950%Jun 1390%Jun 1390%Aug 290%Aug 290%May 1010%May 1010%Sep 510%Sep 510%0%Feb 240%Feb 24Jul 2100%Jul 2100%frigidcoldcoolvery coldfreezing
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Chandalar Lake Airport should appear around June 18, only rarely appearing before June 8 or after June 27.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Chandalar Lake AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F100°F200°F300°F400°F500°F600°FJun 1890°FJun 1890°FDec 31459°FDec 31459°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from April 27 to July 29, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 4.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 22, with an average of 5.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 4.8 months, from October 7 to March 1, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 1.2 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 22, with an average of 0.0 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Chandalar Lake AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWhJun 225.9 kWhJun 225.9 kWhDec 220.0 kWhDec 220.0 kWhApr 274.7 kWhApr 274.7 kWhJul 294.7 kWhJul 294.7 kWhOct 71.2 kWhOct 71.2 kWhMar 11.2 kWhMar 11.2 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Chandalar Lake Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Chandalar Lake Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Arctic Village Airport, Bettles Airport, Anaktuvuk Pass Airport, and Fort Yukon Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.