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Average Weather at Cloquet Carlton County Airport Minnesota, United States

At Cloquet Carlton County Airport, the summers are comfortable and wet; the winters are freezing, snowy, and windy; and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 4°F to 78°F and is rarely below -19°F or above 86°F.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldfreezingJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec71%71%36%36%clearovercastprecipitation: 4.0 inprecipitation: 4.0 in0.4 in0.4 inmuggy: 15%muggy: 15%0%0%drydrytourism score: 6.6tourism score: 6.60.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Cloquet Carlton County Airport for warm-weather activities is from early July to late August.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 25 to September 15, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest day of the year is July 19, with an average high of 78°F and low of 57°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.3 months, from November 26 to March 4, with an average daily high temperature below 31°F. The coldest day of the year is January 20, with an average low of 4°F and high of 20°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

Average High and Low Temperature at Cloquet Carlton County AirportwarmcoldcoldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec-20°F-10°F0°F10°F20°F30°F40°F50°F60°F70°F80°F90°F100°FJan 2020°FJan 2020°FJul 1978°FJul 1978°F4°F4°F57°F57°FMay 2566°FMay 2566°FSep 1566°FSep 1566°FNov 2631°FNov 2631°FMar 431°FMar 431°F43°F43°F48°F48°F19°F19°F13°F13°FLowHigh
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature at Cloquet Carlton County AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfrigidfrigidfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablefrigidvery coldvery coldfrigidwarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia (4,893 miles away); Jermuk, Armenia (5,932 miles); and Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyzstan (6,237 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Cloquet Carlton County Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

At Cloquet Carlton County Airport, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year at Cloquet Carlton County Airport begins around June 7 and lasts for 4.1 months, ending around October 10. On August 2, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 71% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 29% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 10 and lasts for 7.9 months, ending around June 7. On February 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 64% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 36% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories at Cloquet Carlton County AirportclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 271%Aug 271%Feb 536%Feb 536%Jun 753%Jun 753%Oct 1054%Oct 1054%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days at Cloquet Carlton County Airport varies significantly throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.6 months, from April 23 to October 10, with a greater than 25% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 43% on June 30.

The drier season lasts 6.4 months, from October 10 to April 23. The smallest chance of a wet day is 7% on February 3.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation at Cloquet Carlton County Airport changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 8.1 months, from March 20 to November 22. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 43% on June 30.

Snow alone is the most common for 3.9 months, from November 22 to March 20. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on March 1.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation at Cloquet Carlton County AirportsnowrainsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 3043%Jun 3043%Feb 37%Feb 37%Mar 2017%Mar 2017%Nov 2214%Nov 2214%Jan 19%Jan 19%Apr 2325%Apr 2325%Oct 1025%Oct 1025%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cloquet Carlton County Airport experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 8.5 months, from March 13 to November 30, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 22, with an average total accumulation of 4.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from November 30 to March 13. The least rain falls around January 25, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Cloquet Carlton County Airport experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 6.6 months, from October 18 to May 7, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around March 9, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 5.4 months, from May 7 to October 18. The least snow falls around July 27, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall at Cloquet Carlton County AirportsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 in4.0 inMar 90.5 inMar 90.5 inJul 270.0 inJul 270.0 inDec 170.5 inDec 170.5 inFeb 20.3 inFeb 20.3 inOct 180.1 inOct 180.1 inMay 70.1 inMay 70.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day at Cloquet Carlton County Airport varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 33 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

Hours of Daylight and Twilight at Cloquet Carlton County AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hr12 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2015 hr, 51 minJun 2115 hr, 51 minJun 2112 hr, 11 minSep 2212 hr, 11 minSep 228 hr, 33 minDec 218 hr, 33 minDec 21nightnightday
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:15 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 39 minutes later at 7:55 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:21 PM on December 11, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 46 minutes later at 9:07 PM on June 26.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed at Cloquet Carlton County Airport during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time at Cloquet Carlton County AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 165:15 AMJun 165:15 AM9:07 PMJun 269:07 PMJun 26Dec 114:21 PMDec 114:21 PM7:55 AMNov 37:55 AMNov 3Mar 11DSTMar 11DSTDSTNov 4DSTNov 4daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

Cloquet Carlton County Airport experiences some seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.

The muggier period of the year lasts for 3.1 months, from June 13 to September 16, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 4% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 25, with muggy conditions 15% of the time.

The least muggy day of the year is March 1, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels at Cloquet Carlton County AirportmuggyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 10%Mar 10%Jul 2515%Jul 2515%Jun 134%Jun 134%Sep 164%Sep 164%comfortablecomfortabledrydrymuggymuggyoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Cloquet Carlton County Airport experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 8.2 months, from September 15 to May 20, with average wind speeds of more than 10.2 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 2, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 3.8 months, from May 20 to September 15. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed at Cloquet Carlton County AirportwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphApr 211.7 mphApr 211.7 mphJul 318.7 mphJul 318.7 mphSep 1510.2 mphSep 1510.2 mphMay 2010.2 mphMay 2010.2 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction at Cloquet Carlton County Airport varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the north for 1.9 months, from February 11 to April 8, with a peak percentage of 33% on February 16. The wind is most often from the east for 2.1 months, from April 8 to June 11, with a peak percentage of 32% on April 26. The wind is most often from the west for 2.1 months, from June 11 to August 13 and for 4.7 months, from September 19 to February 11, with a peak percentage of 33% on August 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction at Cloquet Carlton County AirportWNEWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Cloquet Carlton County Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 1.9 months, from July 23 to September 21, with an average temperature above 57°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 19, with an average temperature of 62°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 5.8 months, from December 4 to May 30, with an average temperature below 40°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 3, with an average temperature of 34°F.

Average Water Temperature

Average Water Temperature at Cloquet Carlton County AirportwarmcoolcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec30°F35°F40°F45°F50°F55°F60°F65°F70°FAug 1962°FAug 1962°F34°FMar 334°FMar 3Sep 2157°FSep 2157°FDec 440°FDec 440°FMay 3040°FMay 3040°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is at Cloquet Carlton County Airport throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cloquet Carlton County Airport for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to late August, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score at Cloquet Carlton County Airportbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.66.60.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Cloquet Carlton County Airport for hot-weather activities is from mid July to early August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score at Cloquet Carlton County AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468103.53.50.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Cloquet Carlton County Airport typically lasts for 4.1 months (127 days), from around May 21 to around September 25, rarely starting before May 1 or after June 9, and rarely ending before September 9 or after October 10.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season at Cloquet Carlton County Airportgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%May 2150%May 2150%Sep 2550%Sep 2550%Jun 990%Jun 990%Sep 990%Sep 990%May 110%May 110%Oct 1010%Oct 1010%0%Feb 210%Feb 21Jul 31100%Jul 31100%frigidfreezingcoolcomfortablecoldwarmvery cold
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms at Cloquet Carlton County Airport should appear around May 11, only rarely appearing before April 29 or after May 27.

Growing Degree Days

Growing Degree Days at Cloquet Carlton County AirportJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0°F500°F1,000°F1,500°F2,000°FMay 1190°FMay 1190°FJul 24900°FJul 24900°FDec 311,753°FDec 311,753°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 5 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 10, with an average of 6.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from October 27 to February 11, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 16, with an average of 1.3 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy at Cloquet Carlton County AirportbrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWhJul 106.9 kWhJul 106.9 kWhDec 161.3 kWhDec 161.3 kWhMay 55.8 kWhMay 55.8 kWhAug 225.8 kWhAug 225.8 kWhOct 272.4 kWhOct 272.4 kWhFeb 112.4 kWhFeb 112.4 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Cloquet Carlton County Airport are 46.700 deg latitude, -92.505 deg longitude, and 1,250 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Cloquet Carlton County Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 184 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,245 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (761 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,266 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Cloquet Carlton County Airport is covered by trees (85%) and herbaceous vegetation (11%), within 10 miles by trees (83%), and within 50 miles by trees (77%) and herbaceous vegetation (11%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Cloquet Carlton County Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Cloquet Carlton County Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Duluth International Airport, Richard I. Bong Airport, Moose Lake Carlton County Airport, Sky Harbor Airport, Eveleth-Virginia Municipal Airport, Range Regional Airport, Isedor Iverson Airport, and Two Harbors.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.