Average Weather in Centralia Illinois, United States
In Centralia, the summers are hot and humid, the winters are very cold and windy, and it is partly cloudy year round. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 25°F to 89°F and is rarely below 9°F or above 96°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Centralia for warm-weather activities is from late May to late September.
The hot season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 27 to September 20, with an average daily high temperature above 79°F. The hottest day of the year is July 20, with an average high of 89°F and low of 69°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.1 months, from November 29 to March 1, with an average daily high temperature below 49°F. The coldest day of the year is January 22, with an average low of 25°F and high of 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Centralia, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Centralia begins around June 15 and lasts for 4.5 months, ending around October 30. On August 23, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 70% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 30% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 30 and lasts for 7.5 months, ending around June 15. On February 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 54% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 46% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Centralia varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.1 months, from March 19 to August 21, with a greater than 28% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 39% on June 7.
The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from August 21 to March 19. The smallest chance of a wet day is 17% on January 27.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 39% on June 7.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Centralia experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
Rain falls throughout the year in Centralia. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around May 9, with an average total accumulation of 4.3 inches.
The least rain falls around January 26, with an average total accumulation of 1.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Centralia experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from December 2 to March 14, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 31, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 8.6 months, from March 14 to December 2. The least snow falls around July 24, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Centralia varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 28 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 52 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:31 AM on June 14, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 54 minutes later at 7:25 AM on November 3. The earliest sunset is at 4:35 PM on December 7, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 49 minutes later at 8:24 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Centralia during 2018, starting in the spring on March 11, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 4.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
Centralia experiences extreme seasonal variation in the perceived humidity.
The muggier period of the year lasts for 4.1 months, from May 18 to September 22, during which time the comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable at least 16% of the time. The muggiest day of the year is July 24, with muggy conditions 63% of the time.
The least muggy day of the year is December 25, when muggy conditions are essentially unheard of.
Humidity Comfort Levels
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The average hourly wind speed in Centralia experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.5 months, from October 11 to May 25, with average wind speeds of more than 9.3 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is April 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 11.9 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.5 months, from May 25 to October 11. The calmest day of the year is July 31, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Centralia varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 4.3 weeks, from January 9 to February 8, with a peak percentage of 32% on January 12. The wind is most often from the south for 2.0 days, from February 8 to February 10; for 2.0 weeks, from February 20 to March 6; and for 9.9 months, from March 12 to January 9, with a peak percentage of 31% on February 28. The wind is most often from the north for 1.4 weeks, from February 10 to February 20 and for 6.0 days, from March 6 to March 12, with a peak percentage of 30% on March 11.
Best Time of Year to Visit
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Centralia throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Centralia for general outdoor tourist activities is from late May to late September, with a peak score in the first week of September.
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Centralia for hot-weather activities is from mid June to late August, with a peak score in the last week of July.
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
The growing season in Centralia typically lasts for 6.7 months (206 days), from around April 3 to around October 26, rarely starting before March 15 or after April 21, and rarely ending before October 5 or after November 15.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season
Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Centralia should appear around March 20, only rarely appearing before March 5 or after April 7.
Growing Degree Days
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 4.2 months, from April 24 to August 30, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.8 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 2, with an average of 6.8 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from November 7 to February 8, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 23, with an average of 2.0 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Centralia are 38.525 deg latitude, -89.133 deg longitude, and 486 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Centralia is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 85 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 492 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (217 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (407 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Centralia is covered by artificial surfaces (63%) and cropland (28%), within 10 miles by cropland (79%) and trees (17%), and within 50 miles by cropland (79%) and trees (16%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Centralia, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Centralia.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Centralia according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Centralia is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Centralia and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Centralia Municipal Airport (96%, 3.8 kilometers, east); Flying L Airport (1.6%, 62 kilometers, west); Sparta Community Airport-Hunter Field (1.5%, 65 kilometers, southwest); and Litchfield Municipal Airport (1.0%, 85 kilometers, northwest).
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .