Average Weather in White Salmon Washington, United States
In White Salmon, the summers are warm, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are chilly, wet, and overcast. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 30°F to 86°F and is rarely below 18°F or above 97°F.
The hot season lasts for 3.0 months, from June 18 to September 18, with an average daily high temperature above 77°F. The hottest day of the year is August 3, with an average high of 86°F and low of 60°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.2 months, from November 15 to February 22, with an average daily high temperature below 49°F. The coldest day of the year is December 30, with an average low of 30°F and high of 39°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In White Salmon, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in White Salmon begins around June 12 and lasts for 3.8 months, ending around October 7. On August 3, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 82% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 18% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 7 and lasts for 8.2 months, ending around June 12. On November 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 76% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 24% of the time.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in White Salmon varies very significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 6.6 months, from October 14 to May 1, with a greater than 31% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 57% on November 27.
The drier season lasts 5.4 months, from May 1 to October 14. The smallest chance of a wet day is 5% on August 4.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 52% on November 11.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. White Salmon experiences extreme seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from August 18 to July 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around November 23, with an average total accumulation of 7.4 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.2 months, from July 11 to August 18. The least rain falls around July 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. White Salmon experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 4.3 months, from November 7 to March 16, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 2, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 1.3 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.7 months, from March 16 to November 7. The least snow falls around July 14, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in White Salmon varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 41 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 15 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 5:15 AM on June 15, and the latest sunrise is 2 hours, 35 minutes later at 7:50 AM on November 4. The earliest sunset is at 4:21 PM on December 10, and the latest sunset is 4 hours, 38 minutes later at 8:59 PM on June 26.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in White Salmon during 2017, starting in the spring on March 12, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 5.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in White Salmon, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.The average hourly wind speed in White Salmon does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining within 0.3 miles per hour of 2.7 miles per hour throughout.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in White Salmon varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 9.4 months, from February 21 to December 2, with a peak percentage of 87% on June 30. The wind is most often from the east for 2.7 months, from December 2 to February 21, with a peak percentage of 48% on January 1.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.0 months, from May 24 to August 23, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 6.3 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 16, with an average of 7.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.9 months, from October 25 to February 21, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.4 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 25, with an average of 1.1 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of White Salmon are 45.728 deg latitude, -121.486 deg longitude, and 725 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of White Salmon contains large variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 2,090 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 667 feet. Within 10 miles contains large variations in elevation (3,602 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (12,280 feet).
The area within 2 miles of White Salmon is covered by artificial surfaces (33%), trees (19%), water (18%), and shrubs (14%), within 10 miles by trees (46%) and shrubs (34%), and within 50 miles by trees (46%) and shrubs (39%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in White Salmon, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in White Salmon.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and White Salmon according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at White Salmon is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between White Salmon and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: The Dalles Municipal Airport (72%, 28 kilometers, southeast); Portland–Troutdale Airport (19%, 74 kilometers, west); and Yakima Air Terminal Airport (10%, 119 kilometers, northeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.