Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Monterey California, United States
In Monterey, the summers are short, comfortable, dry, and mostly clear and the winters are cold, wet, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 44°F to 68°F and is rarely below 37°F or above 77°F.
Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Monterey for warm-weather activities is from early July to early October.
Climate in Monterey
The warm season lasts for 2.3 months, from August 15 to October 24, with an average daily high temperature above 66°F. The hottest month of the year in Monterey is September, with an average high of 67°F and low of 55°F.
The cool season lasts for 3.6 months, from December 1 to March 22, with an average daily high temperature below 61°F. The coldest month of the year in Monterey is December, with an average low of 45°F and high of 60°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in Monterey
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in Monterey
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
In Monterey, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Monterey begins around May 28 and lasts for 5.0 months, ending around October 27.
The clearest month of the year in Monterey is August, during which on average the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 91% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 27 and lasts for 7.0 months, ending around May 28.
The cloudiest month of the year in Monterey is February, during which on average the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 51% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories in Monterey
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Monterey varies significantly throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 5.1 months, from November 6 to April 10, with a greater than 15% chance of a given day being a wet day. The month with the most wet days in Monterey is February, with an average of 8.0 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
The drier season lasts 6.9 months, from April 10 to November 6. The month with the fewest wet days in Monterey is August, with an average of 0.1 days with at least 0.04 inches of precipitation.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. The month with the most days of rain alone in Monterey is February, with an average of 8.0 days. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 30% on February 20.
Daily Chance of Precipitation in Monterey
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Monterey experiences significant seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 7.1 months, from October 5 to May 10, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The month with the most rain in Monterey is February, with an average rainfall of 3.9 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 4.9 months, from May 10 to October 5. The month with the least rain in Monterey is August, with an average rainfall of 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in Monterey
The length of the day in Monterey varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2022, the shortest day is December 21, with 9 hours, 39 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 40 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in Monterey
The earliest sunrise is at 5:48 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 47 minutes later at 7:35 AM on November 5. The earliest sunset is at 4:51 PM on December 6, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 39 minutes later at 8:30 PM on June 28.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Monterey during 2022, starting in the spring on March 13, lasting 7.8 months, and ending in the fall on November 6.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in Monterey
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in Monterey
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in Monterey
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Monterey, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, remaining a virtually constant 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in Monterey
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Monterey experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 7.4 months, from November 15 to June 28, with average wind speeds of more than 7.3 miles per hour. The windiest month of the year in Monterey is April, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 4.6 months, from June 28 to November 15. The calmest month of the year in Monterey is September, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in Monterey
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Monterey varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the west for 5.8 months, from April 18 to October 13, with a peak percentage of 73% on July 29. The wind is most often from the north for 6.2 months, from October 13 to April 18, with a peak percentage of 39% on January 1.
Wind Direction in Monterey
Monterey is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average water temperature experiences some seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The time of year with warmer water lasts for 2.8 months, from August 1 to October 26, with an average temperature above 58°F. The month of the year in Monterey with the warmest water is September, with an average temperature of 59°F.
The time of year with cooler water lasts for 3.0 months, from March 11 to June 10, with an average temperature below 55°F. The month of the year in Monterey with the coolest water is April, with an average temperature of 54°F.
Average Water Temperature in Monterey
To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Monterey throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.
The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Monterey for general outdoor tourist activities is from early July to early October, with a peak score in the first week of September.
Tourism Score in Monterey
The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Monterey for hot-weather activities is from early September to mid October, with a peak score in the third week of September.
Beach/Pool Score in Monterey
For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.
Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.
Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.
Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.
Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Monterey are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Monterey
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
Growing Degree Days in Monterey
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 6 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.2 kWh. The brightest month of the year in Monterey is June, with an average of 8.3 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.4 months, from November 5 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 3.6 kWh. The darkest month of the year in Monterey is December, with an average of 2.4 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Monterey
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Monterey are 36.600 deg latitude, -121.895 deg longitude, and 26 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Monterey contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 804 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 175 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,697 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,863 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Monterey is covered by artificial surfaces (54%) and water (27%), within 10 miles by water (50%) and shrubs (12%), and within 50 miles by water (49%) and grassland (16%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Monterey, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Monterey.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Monterey according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Monterey is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Monterey and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Monterey and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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