1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. United States
  3. Michigan
  4. Rapid City
  5. November

Average Weather in November in Rapid City Michigan, United States

In Rapid City, the month of November is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 12°F, from 50°F to 38°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 63°F or dropping below 26°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 36°F to 27°F, rarely falling below 15°F or exceeding 46°F.

For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Rapid City typically range from 59°F to 80°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 14°F to 27°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in November

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on November. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in November

Average Hourly Temperature in November in Rapid City12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AM18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030OctDecfreezingchillycoldcool
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

The month of November in Rapid City experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 54% to 67%.

The clearest day of the month is November 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 46% of the time.

For reference, on January 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 77%, while on August 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 68%.

Cloud Cover in November

The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Rapid City, the chance of a wet day over the course of November is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 27% and ending it at 24%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 35% on September 22, and its lowest chance is 15% on February 11.

Over the course of November in Rapid City, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 25% to 14%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain increases from 1% to 4%, and the chance of a day with only snow increases from 1% to 6%.

Probability of Precipitation in November

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during November in Rapid City is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 2.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.2 inches or falls below 0.8 inches, and ending the month at 1.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.5 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in November

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during November in Rapid City is gradually increasing, starting the month at 0.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.2 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the month at 0.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.0 inches.

Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in November

The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

Over the course of November in Rapid City, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 5 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 15 seconds, and weekly decrease of 15 minutes, 47 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is November 30, with 9 hours, 4 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 1, with 10 hours, 10 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the month in Rapid City is 8:23 AM on November 4 and the earliest sunrise is 59 minutes earlier at 7:25 AM on November 5.

The latest sunset is 6:29 PM on November 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 27 minutes earlier at 5:01 PM on November 30.

Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 1:00 AM on November 5, 2017, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour earlier.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:55 AM and sets 15 hours, 36 minutes later, at 9:30 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:15 AM and sets 8 hours, 47 minutes later, at 5:02 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in November

The solar day over the course of November. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Rapid City is essentially constant during November, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on July 30, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 19% of the time, while on November 16, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in November

The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Rapid City is essentially constant during November, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 6.6 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on January 9, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.1 miles per hour, while on July 23, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.5 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in November

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The wind direction in Rapid City during November is predominantly out of the south from November 1 to November 14 and the west from November 14 to November 30.

Wind Direction in November

Wind Direction in November in Rapid CitySW0%20%40%60%80%100%18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030OctDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Rapid City is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Rapid City is decreasing during November, falling by 6°F, from 51°F to 44°F, over the course of the month.

Average Water Temperature in November

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Rapid City is gradually decreasing during November, falling by 0.9 kWh, from 2.2 kWh to 1.3 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November in Rapid City0.0 kWh0.5 kWh1.0 kWh1.5 kWh2.0 kWh2.5 kWh3.0 kWh3.5 kWh4.0 kWh4.5 kWh5.0 kWh18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030OctDecNov 12.2 kWhNov 12.2 kWhNov 301.3 kWhNov 301.3 kWhNov 111.9 kWhNov 111.9 kWhNov 211.5 kWhNov 211.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rapid City are 44.834 deg latitude, -85.283 deg longitude, and 630 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Rapid City contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 335 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 663 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (594 feet). Within 50 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,234 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Rapid City is covered by trees (56%), herbaceous vegetation (13%), and artificial surfaces (12%), within 10 miles by trees (50%) and water (19%), and within 50 miles by trees (51%) and water (26%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Rapid City year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rapid City.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rapid City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Rapid City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rapid City and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Antrim County Airport (56%, 18 kilometers, north); Cherry Capital Airport (32%, 26 kilometers, southwest); and Grayling, Grayling Army Airfield (12%, 47 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.