Average Weather in May in Elk Rapids Michigan, United States
Daily high temperatures increase by 10°F, from 59°F to 70°F, rarely falling below 46°F or exceeding 82°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 9°F, from 39°F to 48°F, rarely falling below 29°F or exceeding 60°F.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Elk Rapids typically range from 59°F to 79°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 16°F to 28°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in May
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on May. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in May
The month of May in Elk Rapids experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 54% to 48%.
The clearest day of the month is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 52% of the time.
For reference, on January 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 77%, while on August 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 68%.
Cloud Cover Categories in May
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Elk Rapids, the chance of a wet day over the course of May is gradually increasing, starting the month at 26% and ending it at 29%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 35% on September 22, and its lowest chance is 16% on February 10.
Probability of Precipitation in May
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during May in Elk Rapids is gradually increasing, starting the month at 2.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.9 inches or falls below 0.9 inches, and ending the month at 2.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.3 inches or falls below 1.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in May
Over the course of May in Elk Rapids, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 5 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 10 seconds, and weekly increase of 15 minutes, 10 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is May 1, with 14 hours, 16 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 31, with 15 hours, 21 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May
The latest sunrise of the month in Elk Rapids is 6:31 AM on May 1 and the earliest sunrise is 32 minutes earlier at 5:59 AM on May 31.
The earliest sunset is 8:47 PM on May 1 and the latest sunset is 33 minutes later at 9:20 PM on May 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Elk Rapids during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during May, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:55 AM and sets 15 hours, 36 minutes later, at 9:31 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:16 AM and sets 8 hours, 47 minutes later, at 5:03 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in May
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Elk Rapids is gradually increasing during May, rising from 0% to 2% over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 30, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 19% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in May
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Elk Rapids is decreasing during May, decreasing from 11.3 miles per hour to 9.6 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 4, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 14.3 miles per hour, while on July 22, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in May
Wind Direction in May
Elk Rapids is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Elk Rapids is increasing during May, rising by 6°F, from 38°F to 44°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in May
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Elk Rapids typically lasts for 4.9 months (149 days), from around May 16 to around October 12, rarely starting before April 28 or after June 2, and rarely ending before September 24 or after November 3.
During May in Elk Rapids, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly increasing rising from 15% to 87% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in May
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Elk Rapids are increasing during May, increasing by 204°F, from 84°F to 287°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in May
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Elk Rapids is gradually increasing during May, rising by 0.9 kWh, from 5.7 kWh to 6.6 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in May
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Elk Rapids are 44.896 deg latitude, -85.416 deg longitude, and 574 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Elk Rapids is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 95 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 586 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (430 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,234 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Elk Rapids is covered by water (67%) and artificial surfaces (12%), within 10 miles by water (54%) and trees (19%), and within 50 miles by trees (45%) and water (35%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Elk Rapids year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Elk Rapids.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Elk Rapids according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Elk Rapids is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Elk Rapids and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.