Average Weather in December in Sparta Tennessee, United States
In Sparta, the month of December is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 6°F, from 55°F to 49°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 67°F or dropping below 34°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 36°F to 31°F, rarely falling below 16°F or exceeding 51°F.
For reference, on July 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Sparta typically range from 67°F to 89°F, while on January 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 30°F to 48°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Sparta experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 51% to 58%.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 49% of the time.
For reference, on January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 59%, while on September 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Sparta, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 31% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 45% on July 9, and its lowest chance is 22% on October 18.
Over the course of December in Sparta, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 29% to 27%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 1% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Sparta is decreasing, starting the month at 4.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 8.4 inches or falls below 2.1 inches, and ending the month at 4.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.5 inches or falls below 1.9 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 4.9 inches on December 2.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Sparta is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.4 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Sparta, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 20, with 9 hours, 43 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 54 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Sparta is 6:33 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 18 minutes later at 6:52 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:27 PM on December 5 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 4:38 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Sparta during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:25 AM and sets 14 hours, 36 minutes later, at 8:01 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:48 AM and sets 9 hours, 43 minutes later, at 4:31 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Sparta is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 24, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 85% of the time, while on January 23, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sparta is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 5.4 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.1 miles per hour, while on July 31, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Sparta typically lasts for 6.5 months (198 days), from around April 6 to around October 22, rarely starting before March 17 or after April 26, and rarely ending before October 4 or after November 10.
The month of December in Sparta is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Sparta is gradually increasing during December, increasing by 47°F, from 4,334°F to 4,381°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Sparta is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 2.4 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 2.2 kWh on December 25.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sparta are 35.926 deg latitude, -85.464 deg longitude, and 958 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sparta contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 502 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 964 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,358 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,595 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sparta is covered by cropland (55%), trees (23%), and artificial surfaces (22%), within 10 miles by cropland (53%) and trees (46%), and within 50 miles by trees (67%) and cropland (30%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sparta year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sparta.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sparta according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sparta is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sparta and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Upper Cumberland Regional Airport (74%, 16 kilometers, northwest); Crossville Memorial Airport (16%, 35 kilometers, east); Tullahoma Regional Airport/William Northern Field (5%, 93 kilometers, southwest); and Lovell Field (4.5%, 102 kilometers, south).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.