1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. United States
  3. Wisconsin
  4. Madison
  5. July

Average Weather in July in Madison Wisconsin, United States

In Madison, the month of July is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 82°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 90°F or dropping below 73°F. The highest daily average high temperature is 82°F on July 20.

Daily low temperatures are around 63°F, rarely falling below 53°F or exceeding 72°F. The highest daily average low temperature is 64°F on July 20.

For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Madison typically range from 64°F to 82°F, while on January 28, the coldest day of the year, they range from 13°F to 27°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in July

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature with percentile bands, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on July. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in July

The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.


Over the course of July in Madison, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 46 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 33 seconds, and weekly decrease of 10 minutes, 48 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is July 31, with 14 hours, 32 minutes of daylight and the longest day is July 1, with 15 hours, 19 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in July

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Madison is 5:22 AM on July 1 and the latest sunrise is 25 minutes later at 5:47 AM on July 31.

The latest sunset is 8:40 PM on July 1 and the earliest sunset is 21 minutes earlier at 8:19 PM on July 31.

Daylight saving time is observed in Madison during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during July, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:18 AM and sets 15 hours, 22 minutes later, at 8:40 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:26 AM and sets 8 hours, 60 minutes later, at 4:25 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in July

The solar day over the course of July. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.


The month of July in Madison experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 35% throughout the month.

The clearest day of the month is July 28, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 66% of the time.

For reference, on January 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 60%, while on August 26, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.

Cloud Cover in July

The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.


A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Madison, the chance of a wet day over the course of July is essentially constant, remaining around 36% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 38% on June 13, and its lowest chance is 12% on February 11.

Probability of Precipitation in July

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).


To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during July in Madison is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 3.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.4 inches or falls below 1.6 inches, and ending the month at 3.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.5 inches or falls below 1.7 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in July

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.


We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Madison is increasing during July, rising from 27% to 36% over the course of the month.

The highest chance of a muggy day during July is 37% on July 22.

For reference, on July 22, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 37% of the time, while on January 1, the leasy muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in July

The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.


This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Madison is essentially constant during July, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 4.6 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on March 23, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.8 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in July

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The wind direction in Madison during July is predominantly out of the south from July 1 to July 25 and the west from July 25 to July 31

Wind Direction in July

The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Madison is gradually decreasing during July, falling by 0.5 kWh, from 7.0 kWh to 6.5 kWh, over the course of the month.

The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during July is 7.0 kWh on July 1.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in July

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.


The area within 2 miles of Madison is covered by water (53%) and artificial surfaces (46%), within 10 miles by cropland (56%) and artificial surfaces (29%), and within 50 miles by cropland (75%) and trees (19%).

The topography within 2 miles of Madison contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 177 feet, and an average elevation above sea level of 860 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (390 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (1,043 feet).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Madison, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Madison.

For each station, the records are are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Madison according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Madison is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Madison and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Dane County Regional Airport (82%, 9 kilometers, northeast), Monroe Municipal Airport (5%, 53 kilometers, south), Southern Wisconsin Regional Airport (4.8%, 59 kilometers, southeast), Tri-County Regional Airport (4.1%, 65 kilometers, west), and Iowa County Airport (3.6%, 71 kilometers, west).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .