Average Weather in March in Vandenberg Air Force Base California, United States
Daily high temperatures are around 63°F, rarely falling below 56°F or exceeding 72°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 45°F, rarely falling below 37°F or exceeding 52°F.
For reference, on October 2, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Vandenberg Air Force Base typically range from 52°F to 71°F, while on December 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 42°F to 62°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in March
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on March. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in March
The month of March in Vandenberg Air Force Base experiences decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 44% to 35%.
The clearest day of the month is March 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 65% of the time.
For reference, on February 23, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 45%, while on August 24, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 93%.
Cloud Cover Categories in March
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Vandenberg Air Force Base, the chance of a wet day over the course of March is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 20% and ending it at 13%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 24% on February 20, and its lowest chance is 0% on July 29.
Probability of Precipitation in March
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during March in Vandenberg Air Force Base is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 3.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.9 inches or falls below 0.3 inches, and ending the month at 1.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in March
Over the course of March in Vandenberg Air Force Base, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 5 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 11 seconds, and weekly increase of 15 minutes, 17 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is March 1, with 11 hours, 27 minutes of daylight and the longest day is March 31, with 12 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in March
The earliest sunrise of the month in Vandenberg Air Force Base is 6:19 AM on March 10 and the latest sunrise is 59 minutes later at 7:17 AM on March 11.
The earliest sunset is 5:58 PM on March 1 and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 25 minutes later at 7:22 PM on March 31.
Daylight saving time (DST) starts at 3:00 AM on March 11, 2018, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour later.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:49 AM and sets 14 hours, 29 minutes later, at 8:18 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:05 AM and sets 9 hours, 49 minutes later, at 4:55 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in March
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Vandenberg Air Force Base is essentially constant during March, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 14, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in March
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Vandenberg Air Force Base is gradually increasing during March, increasing from 10.2 miles per hour to 10.9 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on May 24, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.5 miles per hour, while on October 21, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in March
Wind Direction in March
Vandenberg Air Force Base is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Vandenberg Air Force Base is essentially constant during March, remaining around 55°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in March
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Vandenberg Air Force Base typically lasts for 12 months (354 days), from around January 11 to around December 31, rarely starting after March 8, or ending before November 21.
The month of March in Vandenberg Air Force Base is more likely than not fully within the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season gradually increasing from 87% to 96% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in March
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Vandenberg Air Force Base are gradually increasing during March, increasing by 132°F, from 243°F to 375°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in March
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Vandenberg Air Force Base is rapidly increasing during March, rising by 1.6 kWh, from 4.5 kWh to 6.1 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in March
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Vandenberg Air Force Base are 34.748 deg latitude, -120.518 deg longitude, and 413 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Vandenberg Air Force Base contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 817 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 506 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,473 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (6,814 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Vandenberg Air Force Base is covered by shrubs (36%), grassland (28%), cropland (19%), and artificial surfaces (18%), within 10 miles by grassland (35%) and cropland (18%), and within 50 miles by water (54%) and shrubs (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Vandenberg Air Force Base year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Vandenberg Air Force Base.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Vandenberg Air Force Base according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Vandenberg Air Force Base is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Vandenberg Air Force Base and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Lompoc, Vandenberg Air Force Base (43%, 5.7 kilometers, southwest); Vandenberg Range (39%, 5.7 kilometers, southwest); Lompoc Airport (11%, 10 kilometers, southeast); and Santa Maria Airport (7%, 18 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.