This report describes the typical weather at the Patrick Air Force Base (Cocoa Beach, Florida, United States) weather station over the course of an average October. It is based on the historical records from 2000 to 2012. Earlier records are either unavailable or unreliable.
Cocoa Beach, Florida has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (44%), croplands (25%), grasslands (13%), lakes and rivers (9%), and forests (7%).
The month of October is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 85°F to 80°F over the course of the month, exceeding 88°F or dropping below 75°F only one day in ten.
Over the course of October, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 48 minutes, implying an average day-over-day decrease of 1.5 minutes.
The shortest day of the month is October 31 with 11:04 hours of daylight; the longest day is October 1 with 11:52 hours of daylight.
The earliest sunrise is at 7:15am on October 1; the latest sunset is at 7:08pm on October 1; the latest sunrise is at 7:33am on October 31; the earliest sunset is at 6:38pm on October 31.
Daylight savings time is observed in 2012 but it neither starts nor ends in October, so the entire month is in daylight time.
The median cloud cover is 44% (partly cloudy) and does not vary substantially over the course of the month.
On October 16, a representative day, the sky is clear or mostly clear 43% of the time, partly cloudy 12% of the time, and mostly cloudy or overcast 33% of the time.
The probability that precipitation will be observed at this location varies throughout the month. Precipitation is most likely around October 1, occurring in 49% of days. Precipitation is least likely around October 31, occurring in 37% of days.
Throughout October, the most common forms of precipitation are light rain, thunderstorms, moderate rain, and drizzle.
Light rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 37% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 26, when it is observed during 16% of all days.
Thunderstorms are the most severe precipitation observed during 30% of those days with precipitation. They are most likely around October 1, when it is observed during 20% of all days.
Moderate rain is the most severe precipitation observed during 17% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 6, when it is observed during 8% of all days.
Drizzle is the most severe precipitation observed during 10% of those days with precipitation. It is most likely around October 15, when it is observed during 5% of all days.
Either snow is exceptionally unlikely to fall at this location in October or this station does not reliably report precipitation types.
The relative humidity typically ranges from 58% (mildly humid) to 88% (very humid) over the course of a typical October, rarely dropping below 45% (comfortable) and reaching as high as 97% (very humid).
The air is driest around October 31, at which time the relative humidity drops below 66% (mildly humid) three days out of four; it is most humid around October 3, rising above 84% (humid) three days out of four.
Dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find the weather than relative humidity because it more directly relates to whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid.
Over the course of a typical October, the dew point typically varies from 60°F (comfortable) to 74°F (very muggy) and is rarely below 51°F (very comfortable) or above 78°F (oppressive).
Over the course of October typical wind speeds vary from 4 mph to 15 mph (light breeze to moderate breeze), rarely exceeding 23 mph (fresh breeze).
The highest average wind speed of 11 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around October 28, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).
The lowest average wind speed of 10 mph (gentle breeze) occurs around October 5, at which time the average daily maximum wind speed is 15 mph (moderate breeze).