Average Weather in Kharkiv Ukraine
In Kharkiv, the summers are warm and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, dry, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 18°F to 80°F and is rarely below -2°F or above 91°F.
The warm season lasts for 3.8 months, from May 16 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 80°F and low of 62°F.
The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 17 to March 13, with an average daily high temperature below 38°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 18°F and high of 27°F.
Average High and Low Temperature
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature
In Kharkiv, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The clearer part of the year in Kharkiv begins around April 23 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around October 15. On August 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.
The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around April 23. On December 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 74% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 26% of the time.
Cloud Cover Categories
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kharkiv varies throughout the year.
The wetter season lasts 2.1 months, from May 16 to July 18, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 29% on June 27.
The drier season lasts 9.9 months, from July 18 to May 16. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on February 16.
Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kharkiv changes throughout the year.
Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 19 to January 5. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 29% on June 27.
Snow alone is the most common for 1.5 months, from January 5 to February 19. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on January 16.
Daily Chance of Precipitation
To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kharkiv experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.
The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 25 to January 23, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 27, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.
The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.1 months, from January 23 to February 25. The least rain falls around February 10, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kharkiv experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.
The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.0 months, from November 1 to April 2, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.
The snowless period of the year lasts for 7.0 months, from April 2 to November 1. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.
Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall
The length of the day in Kharkiv varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2017, the shortest day is December 21, with 8 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight
The earliest sunrise is at 4:25 AM on June 16, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 8 minutes later at 7:33 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 3:33 PM on December 12, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 15 minutes later at 8:48 PM on June 25.
Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Kharkiv during 2017, starting in the spring on March 26, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 29.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The perceived humidity level in Kharkiv, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 3% of 3% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kharkiv experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The windier part of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from November 8 to April 15, with average wind speeds of more than 5.4 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.5 miles per hour.
The calmer time of year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 15 to November 8. The calmest day of the year is July 28, with an average hourly wind speed of 4.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed
The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kharkiv varies throughout the year.
The wind is most often from the east for 4.1 months, from February 11 to June 14, with a peak percentage of 34% on April 15. The wind is most often from the north for 2.5 months, from June 14 to August 30, with a peak percentage of 36% on August 10. The wind is most often from the west for 2.4 months, from August 30 to November 13 and for 2.5 months, from November 25 to February 11, with a peak percentage of 32% on October 25.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.
The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 2 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.4 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 6.6 kWh.
The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 26 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 0.8 kWh.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kharkiv are 49.981 deg latitude, 36.253 deg longitude, and 381 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kharkiv contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 243 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 382 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (433 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (659 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kharkiv is covered by artificial surfaces (99%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (35%) and cropland (33%), and within 50 miles by cropland (65%) and trees (19%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kharkiv, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Kharkiv International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Kharkiv.
At a distance of 7 kilometers from Kharkiv, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Kharkiv according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.