1. WeatherSpark.com
  2. Ukraine
  3. Kharkiv
  4. Kharkiv

Average Weather in Kharkiv Ukraine

In Kharkiv, the summers are warm and partly cloudy and the winters are long, freezing, dry, windy, and mostly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 18°F to 80°F and is rarely below -2°F or above 91°F.

Based on the tourism score, the best time of year to visit Kharkiv for warm-weather activities is from mid June to early September.

Climate Summary

freezingcoldcoolwarmcoolcoldvery coldJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec72%72%26%26%overcastclearprecipitation: 2.0 inprecipitation: 2.0 in0.9 in0.9 inmuggy: 5%muggy: 5%0%0%drydrytourism score: 7.4tourism score: 7.40.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The warm season lasts for 3.7 months, from May 17 to September 9, with an average daily high temperature above 70°F. The hottest day of the year is July 27, with an average high of 80°F and low of 62°F.

The cold season lasts for 3.9 months, from November 18 to March 13, with an average daily high temperature below 38°F. The coldest day of the year is February 3, with an average low of 18°F and high of 27°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in KharkivJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMfreezingfreezingcoldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmvery coldcomfortablevery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Stanton, Michigan, United States (5,093 miles away) and Saint Johnsville, New York, United States (4,790 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Kharkiv (view comparison).

Clouds

In Kharkiv, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Kharkiv begins around April 24 and lasts for 5.7 months, ending around October 15. On August 4, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 72% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 28% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 15 and lasts for 6.3 months, ending around April 24. On December 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 74% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 26% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in KharkivclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 472%Aug 472%Dec 3026%Dec 3026%Apr 2449%Apr 2449%Oct 1549%Oct 1549%clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercastmostly clear
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Kharkiv varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 2.1 months, from May 16 to July 18, with a greater than 22% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 29% on June 27.

The drier season lasts 9.9 months, from July 18 to May 16. The smallest chance of a wet day is 16% on February 16.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation in Kharkiv changes throughout the year.

Rain alone is the most common for 11 months, from February 19 to January 5. The highest chance of a day with rain alone is 29% on June 27.

Snow alone is the most common for 1.5 months, from January 5 to February 19. The highest chance of a day with snow alone is 9% on January 16.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in KharkivsnowrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Jun 2729%Jun 2729%Feb 1616%Feb 1616%Jan 519%Jan 519%Jan 118%Jan 118%May 1622%May 1622%snowrainmixed
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kharkiv experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 11 months, from February 24 to January 23, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around June 27, with an average total accumulation of 2.0 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 1.0 months, from January 23 to February 24. The least rain falls around February 10, with an average total accumulation of 0.5 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Snowfall

We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. Colder, drier snow tends to be on the higher end of that range and warmer, wetter snow on the lower end.

As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Kharkiv experiences some seasonal variation in monthly liquid-equivalent snowfall.

The snowy period of the year lasts for 5.1 months, from October 31 to April 3, with a sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall of at least 0.1 inches. The most snow falls during the 31 days centered around January 19, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.5 inches.

The snowless period of the year lasts for 6.9 months, from April 3 to October 31. The least snow falls around July 25, with an average total liquid-equivalent accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall

Average Liquid-Equivalent Monthly Snowfall in KharkivsnowsnowJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 inJan 190.5 inJan 190.5 inJul 250.0 inJul 250.0 inOct 310.1 inOct 310.1 inApr 30.1 inApr 30.1 in
The average liquid-equivalent snowfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average rainfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Kharkiv varies extremely over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 8 hours, 5 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 16 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 4:25 AM on June 17, and the latest sunrise is 3 hours, 8 minutes later at 7:33 AM on December 31. The earliest sunset is at 3:33 PM on December 12, and the latest sunset is 5 hours, 15 minutes later at 8:48 PM on June 25.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Kharkiv during 2018, starting in the spring on March 25, lasting 7.1 months, and ending in the fall on October 28.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in KharkivJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 174:25 AMJun 174:25 AM8:48 PMJun 258:48 PMJun 25Dec 123:33 PMDec 123:33 PM7:33 AMDec 317:33 AMDec 31Mar 25DSTMar 25DSTDSTOct 28DSTOct 28daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Kharkiv, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 3% of 3% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in KharkivJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Nov 170%Nov 170%Jul 175%Jul 175%comfortablecomfortabledrydry
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Kharkiv experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 5.2 months, from November 9 to April 14, with average wind speeds of more than 10.1 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is February 8, with an average hourly wind speed of 12.0 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 6.8 months, from April 14 to November 9. The calmest day of the year is July 27, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.2 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in KharkivwindywindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mph18 mphFeb 812.0 mphFeb 812.0 mphJul 278.2 mphJul 278.2 mphNov 910.1 mphNov 910.1 mphApr 1410.1 mphApr 1410.1 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Kharkiv varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 4.1 months, from February 11 to June 14, with a peak percentage of 34% on April 15. The wind is most often from the north for 2.5 months, from June 14 to August 30, with a peak percentage of 36% on August 10. The wind is most often from the west for 2.4 months, from August 30 to November 13 and for 2.6 months, from November 23 to February 11, with a peak percentage of 32% on October 25.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in KharkivWENWSWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Kharkiv throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kharkiv for general outdoor tourist activities is from mid June to early September, with a peak score in the first week of August.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Kharkivbest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468107.47.40.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Kharkiv for hot-weather activities is from early July to mid August, with a peak score in the last week of July.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in KharkivJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468106.16.10.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Kharkiv typically lasts for 6.3 months (194 days), from around April 7 to around October 17, rarely starting before March 20 or after April 29, and rarely ending before September 30 or after November 3.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Kharkivgrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Apr 750%Apr 750%Oct 1750%Oct 1790%Apr 2990%Apr 2990%Sep 3090%Sep 3010%Mar 2010%Mar 2010%Nov 310%Nov 30%Dec 110%Dec 11Jul 18100%Jul 18100%frigidfreezingvery coldcoolcomfortablecoldhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Kharkiv should appear around April 25, only rarely appearing before April 15 or after May 6.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.6 months, from May 3 to August 22, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 5.5 kWh. The brightest day of the year is July 7, with an average of 6.6 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.7 months, from October 26 to February 17, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 2.0 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 20, with an average of 0.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kharkiv are 49.981 deg latitude, 36.253 deg longitude, and 381 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Kharkiv contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 243 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 382 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (433 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (659 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Kharkiv is covered by artificial surfaces (99%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (35%) and cropland (33%), and within 50 miles by cropland (65%) and trees (19%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Kharkiv, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Kharkiv International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Kharkiv.

At a distance of 7 kilometers from Kharkiv, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Kharkiv according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.