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Average Weather in Sahnaiya Syria

In Sahnaiya, the summers are hot, arid, and clear and the winters are cold and mostly clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 35°F to 95°F and is rarely below 27°F or above 101°F.

Based on the beach/pool score, the best time of year to visit Sahnaiya for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid September.

Climate Summary

coldcoolwarmhothotwarmcoolJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec100%100%63%63%clearovercastprecipitation: 1.7 inprecipitation: 1.7 in0.0 in0.0 inmuggy: 1%muggy: 1%0%0%drydrybeach/pool score: 8.9beach/pool score: 8.90.00.0
Click on each chart for more information.

Temperature

The hot season lasts for 3.9 months, from May 31 to September 26, with an average daily high temperature above 87°F. The hottest day of the year is August 1, with an average high of 95°F and low of 66°F.

The cool season lasts for 3.4 months, from November 29 to March 9, with an average daily high temperature below 61°F. The coldest day of the year is January 21, with an average low of 35°F and high of 53°F.

Average High and Low Temperature

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the entire year of hourly average temperatures. The horizontal axis is the day of the year, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature

Average Hourly Temperature in SahnaiyaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Rancho Tehama Reserve, California, United States (7,190 miles away) and Yucca Valley, California, United States (7,453 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Sahnaiya (view comparison).

Clouds

In Sahnaiya, the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The clearer part of the year in Sahnaiya begins around May 18 and lasts for 4.9 months, ending around October 14. On August 19, the clearest day of the year, the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 100% of the time, and overcast or mostly cloudy 0% of the time.

The cloudier part of the year begins around October 14 and lasts for 7.1 months, ending around May 18. On December 14, the cloudiest day of the year, the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy 37% of the time, and clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy 63% of the time.

Cloud Cover Categories

Cloud Cover Categories in SahnaiyaclearercloudiercloudierJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%Aug 19100%Aug 19100%Dec 1463%Dec 1463%May 1881%May 1881%Oct 1482%Oct 1482%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. The chance of wet days in Sahnaiya varies throughout the year.

The wetter season lasts 5.0 months, from October 30 to March 30, with a greater than 11% chance of a given day being a wet day. The chance of a wet day peaks at 23% on February 2.

The drier season lasts 7.0 months, from March 30 to October 30. The smallest chance of a wet day is 0% on July 19.

Among wet days, we distinguish between those that experience rain alone, snow alone, or a mixture of the two. Based on this categorization, the most common form of precipitation throughout the year is rain alone, with a peak probability of 22% on February 2.

Daily Chance of Precipitation

Daily Chance of Precipitation in SahnaiyawetwetdryJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Feb 223%Feb 223%Jul 190%Jul 190%Jan 119%Jan 119%Oct 3011%Oct 3011%Mar 3011%Mar 3011%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the months and not just the monthly totals, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day of the year. Sahnaiya experiences some seasonal variation in monthly rainfall.

The rainy period of the year lasts for 5.7 months, from October 21 to April 11, with a sliding 31-day rainfall of at least 0.5 inches. The most rain falls during the 31 days centered around January 27, with an average total accumulation of 1.7 inches.

The rainless period of the year lasts for 6.3 months, from April 11 to October 21. The least rain falls around July 29, with an average total accumulation of 0.0 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall

Average Monthly Rainfall in SahnaiyarainrainJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.5 in1.0 in1.5 in2.0 in2.5 in3.0 in3.5 inJan 271.7 inJan 271.7 inJul 290.0 inJul 290.0 inOct 210.5 inOct 210.5 inApr 110.5 inApr 110.5 in
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

The length of the day in Sahnaiya varies significantly over the course of the year. In 2018, the shortest day is December 22, with 9 hours, 56 minutes of daylight; the longest day is June 21, with 14 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise is at 5:24 AM on June 12, and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 23 minutes later at 6:47 AM on October 25. The earliest sunset is at 4:27 PM on December 4, and the latest sunset is 3 hours, 22 minutes later at 7:48 PM on June 29.

Daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Sahnaiya during 2018, starting in the spring on March 30, lasting 6.9 months, and ending in the fall on October 25.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in SahnaiyaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM2 AM4 AM6 AM8 AM10 AM12 PM2 PM4 PM6 PM8 PM10 PM12 AMJun 125:24 AMJun 125:24 AM7:48 PMJun 297:48 PMJun 29Dec 44:27 PMDec 44:27 PM6:47 AMOct 256:47 AMOct 25Mar 30DSTMar 30DSTDSTOct 25DSTOct 25daynightnightnightnightSolarMidnightSolarMidnightSolarNoonSunriseSunset
The solar day over the course of the year 2018. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray. The transitions to and from daylight saving time are indicated by the 'DST' labels.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The perceived humidity level in Sahnaiya, as measured by the percentage of time in which the humidity comfort level is muggy, oppressive, or miserable, does not vary significantly over the course of the year, staying within 1% of 1% throughout.

Humidity Comfort Levels

Humidity Comfort Levels in SahnaiyaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%Mar 250%Mar 250%Aug 101%Aug 101%comfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Sahnaiya experiences mild seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The windier part of the year lasts for 6.8 months, from January 13 to August 5, with average wind speeds of more than 7.7 miles per hour. The windiest day of the year is March 1, with an average hourly wind speed of 8.7 miles per hour.

The calmer time of year lasts for 5.2 months, from August 5 to January 13. The calmest day of the year is October 11, with an average hourly wind speed of 6.6 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed

Average Wind Speed in SahnaiyawindyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph2 mph4 mph6 mph8 mph10 mph12 mph14 mph16 mphMar 18.7 mphMar 18.7 mphOct 116.6 mphOct 116.6 mphAug 57.7 mphAug 57.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The predominant average hourly wind direction in Sahnaiya varies throughout the year.

The wind is most often from the east for 2.4 weeks, from November 12 to November 29, with a peak percentage of 36% on November 16. The wind is most often from the west for 11 months, from November 29 to November 12, with a peak percentage of 40% on January 1.

Wind Direction

Wind Direction in SahnaiyaWEWJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%westeastnorthsouth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Sahnaiya is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average water temperature experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The time of year with warmer water lasts for 3.3 months, from July 1 to October 12, with an average temperature above 79°F. The day of the year with the warmest water is August 21, with an average temperature of 83°F.

The time of year with cooler water lasts for 4.0 months, from December 30 to April 29, with an average temperature below 67°F. The day of the year with the coolest water is March 4, with an average temperature of 63°F.

Average Water Temperature

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Best Time of Year to Visit

To characterize how pleasant the weather is in Sahnaiya throughout the year, we compute two travel scores.

The tourism score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F. Based on this score, the best times of year to visit Sahnaiya for general outdoor tourist activities are from early May to late June and from early September to late October, with a peak score in the last week of September.

Tourism Score

Tourism Score in Sahnaiyabest timebest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.48.41.01.08.18.16.66.6 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturetourism score
The tourism score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

The beach/pool score favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F. Based on this score, the best time of year to visit Sahnaiya for hot-weather activities is from mid June to mid September, with a peak score in the third week of August.

Beach/Pool Score

Beach/Pool Score in Sahnaiyabest timeJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec02468108.98.90.00.0 precipitationprecipitationcloudscloudstemperaturetemperaturebeach/pool score
The beach/pool score (filled area), and its constituents: the temperature score (red line), the cloud cover score (blue line), and the precipitation score (green line).

Methodology

For each hour between 8:00 AM and 9:00 PM of each day in the analysis period (1980 to 2016), independent scores are computed for perceived temperature, cloud cover, and total precipitation. Those scores are combined into a single hourly composite score, which is then aggregated into days, averaged over all the years in the analysis period, and smoothed.

Our cloud cover score is 10 for fully clear skies, falling linearly to 9 for mostly clear skies, and to 1 for fully overcast skies.

Our precipitation score, which is based on the three-hour precipitation centered on the hour in question, is 10 for no precipitation, falling linearly to 9 for trace precipitation, and to 0 for 0.04 inches of precipitation or more.

Our tourism temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 50°F, rising linearly to 9 for 65°F, to 10 for 75°F, falling linearly to 9 for 80°F, and to 1 for 90°F or hotter.

Our beach/pool temperature score is 0 for perceived temperatures below 65°F, rising linearly to 9 for 75°F, to 10 for 82°F, falling linearly to 9 for 90°F, and to 1 for 100°F or hotter.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season in Sahnaiya typically lasts for 9.0 months (276 days), from around March 7 to around December 8, rarely starting before February 2 or after April 4, and rarely ending before November 12 or after January 2.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in Sahnaiyagrowing seasonJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%50%Mar 750%Mar 750%Dec 850%Dec 890%Apr 490%Apr 490%Nov 1290%Nov 1210%Feb 210%Feb 210%Jan 210%Jan 2Aug 1100%Aug 1100%very coldcoldcoolcomfortablewarmhotfreezing
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

Based on growing degree days alone, the first spring blooms in Sahnaiya should appear around March 3, only rarely appearing before February 17 or after March 22.

Growing Degree Days

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy experiences extreme seasonal variation over the course of the year.

The brighter period of the year lasts for 3.5 months, from May 8 to August 26, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter above 7.7 kWh. The brightest day of the year is June 21, with an average of 8.9 kWh.

The darker period of the year lasts for 3.3 months, from November 5 to February 13, with an average daily incident shortwave energy per square meter below 4.1 kWh. The darkest day of the year is December 24, with an average of 2.8 kWh.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in SahnaiyabrightdarkdarkJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh1 kWh2 kWh3 kWh4 kWh5 kWh6 kWh7 kWh8 kWh9 kWh10 kWhJun 218.9 kWhJun 218.9 kWhDec 242.8 kWhDec 242.8 kWhMay 87.7 kWhMay 87.7 kWhAug 267.7 kWhAug 267.7 kWhFeb 134.1 kWhFeb 134.1 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sahnaiya are 33.425 deg latitude, 36.226 deg longitude, and 2,352 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Sahnaiya contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 489 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,333 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,870 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (9,879 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Sahnaiya is covered by cropland (44%), bare soil (37%), and sparse vegetation (11%), within 10 miles by bare soil (34%) and cropland (31%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (36%) and cropland (28%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Sahnaiya, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sahnaiya.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sahnaiya according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Sahnaiya is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sahnaiya and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Damascus International Airport (73%, 27 kilometers, east); Beirut International Airport (10%, 81 kilometers, northwest); Irbid (11%, 104 kilometers, south); and Haifa International Airport (6%, 133 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.